Deriving Conclusions From Passages Questions

Q:

Seven people A, B, C, D, E, F and G live on separate floors of a 7-floor building. Ground floor is numbered 1, first floor is numbered. 2 and so on until the topmost floor is numbered 7. Each one of these having a different cars-Cadillac, Ambassador, Fiat, Maruti, Mercedes, Bedford and Fargo but not necessarily in the same order. Only three people live above the floor on which A lives. Only one person lives between A and the one having a car Cadillac. F lives immediately below the one having a car Bedford. The one having a car Bedford lives on an even-numbered floor. Only three people live between the ones having a car Cadillac and Maruti. E lives immediately above C. E is not having a car Maruti. Only two people live between B and the one having a car Fargo. The one having a car Fargo lives below the floor on which B lives. The one having a car Fiat does not live immediately above D or immediately below B. D does not live immediately above or immediately below A. G does not have a car Ambassador.

Question :

 How many people live between the floors on which D and the one having a car Bedford ?

A) One B) Two
C) Three D) Four
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Two

Explanation:

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Above is the table obtained from the given information in the passage.

There are two people (B & G) live between the floors on which D and the one having a car Bedford.

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23 18007
Q:

Mr. A, Miss B, Mr. C and Miss D are sitting around a table and discussing their trades.

1. Mr. A sits opposite to cook
2. Miss b sits right to the barber.
3. The washer man is on the left of the tailor
4. Miss D sits opposite Mr. C

What are the trades of A and B ?

A) Tailor and Barber B) Tailor and cook
C) Barber and cook D) washer man and cook
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Tailor and cook

Explanation:

Clealry, C and D sit opposite to each other. So, if A sits opposite to cook, B shall be the cook.
Now, B is to the right of barber. So, one of the rest, say C will be barber.
Clealry, then D on the opposite side shall be washerman or tailor. But, washerman is left of tailor and D on the left of A.
So, D is washerman and A is tailor.

Thus, A and B are Tailor and Cook.

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22 11490
Q:

Although most of the fastest growing jobs in today's economy will require a college degree, many of the new jobs being created-from home health aide to desktop publisher-require knowledge other than that gained from earning a degree. For workers in those jobs, good basic skills in reading, communigreion, and mathematics play an important role in getting a job and developing a career. 

 

From the information given above it can be validly concluded that, in today's economy,

A) skills in reading, communigreion, and mathematics play an important role in developing a career as a desktop publisher B) the majority of the new jobs being created require knowledge other than that gained from earning a college degree
C) Both A and B D) None
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) skills in reading, communigreion, and mathematics play an important role in developing a career as a desktop publisher

Explanation:

According to the above passage only the argument "the majority of the new jobs being created require knowledge other than that gained from earning a college degree" is true

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14 10458
Q:

Bhim has assembled a basket of fruit as a holiday gift for each of his friends- Santosh, Tarun, Ujjwal, and Varun. A total of fifteen pieces of fruits-five apples, five oranges and five pears are distributed among the four baskets according to the following conditions: Santosh , Tarun and Ujjwal will each receive exactly two different types of fruit. Varun will receive only apples. Tarun will receive more pieces of fruit than Santosh. Each basket includes at least three pieces of fruit.

1. If Varun’s basket contains more pieces of fruit than Tarun’s basket, then Tarun’s basket must contain:
I. Four pieces of fruit.
II. At least one orange.
III. At least one pear.

(a) I only   (b) III only    (c) Botha I and II   (d) Both II and III

 

2. If Ujjwal’s basket contains more pieces of fruit than Tarun’s basket, all of the following must be false EXCEPT:

(a) Only Varun will receive apple

(b) Varun will receive exactly four apple.

(c) Ujjwal will receive exactly two apple.

(d) Tarun will receive exactly four pear.

Answer

1. Answer (b)


Santosh , Ujjwal and Varun must each receive at least three pieces, but Tarun must receive at least four pieces. The maximum number of pieces that any person may receive is six ( 6 + 3+ 3+3 = 15 ), and only Tarun may receive six pieces. Ujjwal and Varun each may receive as many as five pieces, while Santosh may receive only four pieces at maximum.
At least one pear.


 


2. Answer (c)


Varun may receive no more than five pieces and Tarun may receive no fewer than four pieces. As a result, if Varun receives more pieces than Tarun, then Varun must receive five pieces, and Tarun must receive four pieces. Thus, statement (a) must be true. Since Varun will receive five pieces, none of the other three friends will receive any apple, accordingly, each of the other three friends must receive at least one orange and at least one pear. Thus, statement (b) and (d) must be true.

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5 8995
Q:

Four thermal heaters A,B, C and D are used in the R & D department of Raliance chemicals Ltd. Only one heater can be used on any day . If heater A is used on any day, neither A nor C can be used the next day. If heater C is used on any day, neither C nor D can be used on the next day. If heater C is used on any day, then A has to be used the next day. If heater D is used on any day, then B has to be used the next day.

If heater D is used on the third day and different heaters are used on first and fourth day, which heater is used on the first day ?

   (1) D       (2) A       (3) B        (4) C

Answer

If heater D is used on the third day, heater B has to be used on the fourth day and A has to be used on the second day. But if A is used on second day, then either B or C has to be used on the first day. But if heater B is used on the first day, then according to the question, the requirement of having different heaters on the first day and fourth days would not be fulfilled. Hence the heater that would be used on the first day is C.

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7 8835
Q:

Six persons A, B, C, D, E and F lives on 6 different floors of a same building. Bottommost floor is first, the floor above it is second and so on till topmost floor which is sixth. A lives on odd numbered floor. C lives immediately below A. Two floors gap between floors of C and F. D lives immediately above F. B lives above E, who lives below F. How many persons live below E? 

A) 0 B) 1
C) 2 D) 3
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 0

Explanation:

Floors   Persons

6.           D

5.           F

4.           B

3.           A

2.           C

1.           E

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4 8658
Q:

M, K, J, T, R, D and W are seven members of a family. There are two married couples among them belonging to two different generations. Each of them has a different choice of cuisine - Chinese, Continental, Thai, Punjabi, South Indian, Gujarati and Malwani. The grandfather in the family likes Gujarati food. None of the ladies likes Continental or Thai food. T is the son of M, who likes Chinese food. W is J's daughter-in-law and she likes South Indian food. K is grandfather of D, who likes Punjabi food. J is mother of R, who likes Continental food.

Question 1:

How is R related to D?

a) Father b) Brother c) Uncle d) Data inadequate

 

Question 2:

Which of the following group contains one each from the same generations?

a) JRT b) JRW c) MRD  d) MWT

Answer

Answer 1:
c) Uncle
R is Uncle to D.


 


Answer 2:
a) JRT
JRT are one each from the same generations.

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8 7896
Q:

Sally has never received a violation from the Federal Aviation Administration during her 16-year flying career. Sally must be a great pilot. 

 

Which of the following can be said about the reasoning above?

A) The definitions of the terms create ambiguity. B) The argument uses circular reasoning.
C) The argument works by analogy. D) The argument is built upon hidden assumptions.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) The argument is built upon hidden assumptions.

Explanation:

From the above statemnts only "The argument is built upon hidden assumptions." will be true

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16 7184