Statement and Conclusions Questions

Q:

Statements :
All kids are God.
No God is a Human.
Some Human are Son.
All Son are Men.

Conclusions :
(a) Some Son are not God.
(b) Some Men are Human.

A) Only A follows B) Only B follows
C) Both (A) and (B) follows D) Neither (A) nor (B) follows
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Both (A) and (B) follows

Explanation:
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Q:

Gold demand has fallen in the first half due to rising prices and the trend is likely to continue in the second half.

Conclusions :

I. Customers are very price-sensitive

II. There will be no improvement in demand in the second half

A) If only conclusion I follows B) If only conclusion II follows
C) If neither I nor II follows D) If both I and II follow
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) If only conclusion I follows

Explanation:

Fall of demand of gold is due to rising prices. Hence, I can be concluded. II cannot be concluded from the given statement.

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3 2710
Q:

How long will it take for two pipes A and B to fill an empty cistern if they worked alternately for an hour each ?

A. Working alone, Pipe A can fill the cistern in 40 hours
B. Pipe B is one third as efficient as Pipe A

A) Only A is sufficient B) Only B is sufficient
C) Both (A) and (B) are sufficient D) None
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Both (A) and (B) are sufficient

Explanation:

From statement A, we know that Pipe A can fill the tank in 40 hours. However, this information is not sufficient as we do not have the data for Pipe B. Hence, statement A alone cannot answer the given question.

From statement B, we know that Pipe B is one third as efficient as pipe A. However, we do not know the rate at which Pipe A fills the tank. Hence, we will not be able to find the rate at which Pipe B fills the cistern. Therefore, statement B alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

Now, if we combine the two statements, we know that Pipe A take 40 hours to fill the cistern.
Pipe B takes 120 hours to fill the cistern.

If they worked alternately, then either Pipe A could have started the cycle or Pipe B could have started the cycle.

If Pipe A started the sequence of filling alternately, then at the end of two hours, the two pipes together would have filled 1/40 + 1/120 = 1/30  th of the tank in an hour. Or the cistern will fill in 30 hours.

If Pipe B started the sequence, then at the end of 2 hours, the two pipes together would have filled 1/120 + 1/40 = 1/30 th of the tank in an hour. Or the cistern will fill in 30 hours.

As the answer obtained irrespective of which pipe started the sequence is the same, the correct answer is (3) - i.e., both the statement are sufficient to answer the question.

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3 2704
Q:

Looking for a job is difficult enough, the task becomes impossible if you do not have the skill of being pleasant, polite and polished.

Conclusions :

I. A person who has social etiquetteis eligible for any job

II. Many candidates no matter how excellently  qualified are likely to fail to get the jobs they are going to try for because of their manners.

A) If only conclusion I follows B) If only conclusion II follows
C) If neither I nor II follows D) If both I and II follow
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) If only conclusion II follows

Explanation:

I does not follow because it considers the qualities expressed in the statement sufficient for the eligibility of a job. II follows obviously.

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4 2693
Q:

If the gifts are passed on, the whole purpose of the gift is defeated. Therefore, the gift should be one that is useful and at the same time it attracts you, appeals to you and you retain it.

Conclusions : 

I. If gifts are retained , their utility increases.

II. Gifts are not meant for repeated change of hands.

A) If only conclusion I follows B) If only conclusion II follows
C) If neither I nor II follows D) If both I and II follow
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) If only conclusion II follows

Explanation:

I is not hinted at. It is an invention of the concluder's mind. II follows  because if "the whole purpose of something is defeated", it loses its meaning.

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2 2611
Q:

Statements : In a recent survey report, it has been stated that those who undertake physical exercise for at least half an hour a day are less prone to have any heart ailments.

Conclusions :

a) Moderate level of physical exercise is necessary for leading a healthy life.
b) All people who do desk-bound jobs definitely suffer from heart ailments.

A) Only a follows B) Both a & b follows
C) Only b follows D) Neither a nor b follows
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Only a follows

Explanation:

The statement mentions that chances of heart ailments are greatly reduced by a regular half-hour exercise. So, a follows. However, it talks of only reducing the probability which does not mean that persons involved in sedentary jobs shall definitely suffer from heart ailments. So, b does not follow.

Hence, concusion a only follows the given statement.

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3 2558
Q:

As per the National Forestry Report, 1998 , India must retain a true cover of 33 per cent as against the 19 per cent at present . A budgetary allocation of Rs 850 crore is just a drop in the ocean.

Conclusions:

I. The forest coverage in a country should be in proportion to its popullation 

II. Inadequate budgetary allocation comes in the way of enhancing the forest coverage.

A) If only conclusion I follows B) If only conclusion II follows
C) If neither I nor II follows D) If both I and II follow
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) If only conclusion II follows

Explanation:

The relation of forest to population can't be derived from the statement. Hence I does not follow. From the second sentence and from the tone of the statement II can be derived. Hence follows.

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2 2219
Q:

In the question below consists of a question and two statements numbered a and b given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and give the answer.

Question: How is Vinitha related to Ragini ?
Statements:
a. Vinitha's husband is the only son of Ragini's mother.
b. Vinitha's brother and Ragini's husband are cousins.

A) Neither a nor b is sufficient B) Either a or b is sufficient
C) Both a & b are sufficient D) a alone is sufficient while b alone is not sufficient
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Either a or b is sufficient

Explanation:

From a, we conclude that Vinitha is the wife of Ragini's mother's only son i.e. Ragini's brother. Thus, Vinitha is Ragini's sister-in-law.

From b, we conclude that Vinitha is the cousin of Ragini's husband, which implies that Vinitha is Ragini's sister-in-law.

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