Statement and Conclusions Questions

Q:

Statements : National Aluminium Company has moved India from a position of shortage to self-sufficiency in the metal.

Conclusions :

a) Previously, India had to import aluminium.
b) With this speed, it can soon become a foreign exchange earner.

A) Only a follows B) Only b follows
C) Neither a nor b follows D) Both a and b follows
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Both a and b follows

Explanation:

According to the statement, National Aluminium Company has moved India from a position of shortage in the past to self-sufficiency in the present. This means that previously, India had to import aluminium. So, I follows. Also, it can be deduced that if production increases at the same rate, India can export it in future. So, II also follows.

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1 2097
Q:

Statement 1: Elizabeth has four children.
Statement 2: Two of the children have blue eyes and two of the children have brown eyes.
Statement 3: Half of the children are girls.
If the first three statements are facts, which of the following statements must also be a fact?

a. At least one girl has blue eyes.
b. Two of the children are boys.
c. The boys have brown eyes.

A) a only B) a and b
C) b only D) b and c
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) b only

Explanation:

Since half of the four children are girls, two must be boys. It is not clear which children have blue or brown eyes. So only statement (b) follows.

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2 2010
Q:

In the question below consists of a question and two statements numbered a and b given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and give the answer.

Question: In which year was Kalyan born ?
Statements:
a. Kalyan at present is 15 years younger to his mother.
b. Kalyan's brother, who was born in 1991, is 25 years younger to his mother.

 

A) b alone is sufficient while a alone is not sufficient B) a alone is sufficient while b alone is not sufficient
C) Both a and b are sufficient D) Neither a nor b is sufficient
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Both a and b are sufficient

Explanation:

From both a and b, we find that Kalyan is (25 - 15) = 10 years older than his brother, who was born in 1991. So, Kalyan was born in 1981.

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1 1893
Q:

Assuming the given statements to be true, find which of the two conclusions A and B given below is/are definitely true.

Statements: C < T < L= P > Q,  N > C > Y

Conclusions:   A. P > Y       B. Y < P

A) only conclusion B is true. B) only conclusion A is true.
C) neither conclusion I nor II is true. D) either conclusion I or II is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) only conclusion B is true.

Explanation:

From given statements, we can conclude that

N > C < T < L= P > Q  .....(1)

Here given that C > Y but in eq(1) we got that C < T < T <= P => Y is definitely less than P.

So only conclusion B is True.

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3 1862
Q:

In the following question, two equations numbered 1 and 2 are given. You have to solve both the equations and determine the relation between a and b.

1.  5a2-18a+9=0

2.  3b2+5b-2=0

A) a >= b B) a <= b
C) a < b D) a > b
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) a > b

Explanation:

From solving 1 and 2 we get,

 

1.

5a(a-3)-3(a-3) = 0

 

(5a-3)(a-3) = 0

 

a = 3 or 3/5

 

2. 

 

3b(b+2)-1(b+2) = 0

 

b = -2 or b = 1/3

 

Here when a = 3, a > b for b = -2 and b = 1/3

 

when a = 3/5. a > b for b = -2 and b = 1/3.

 

Hence, it is clear that a > b. 

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4 1661
Q:

Find which of the two conclusions I and II given below is/are definitely true from the the given statements.

 

Statements: I > W > T > N, I = F = G = C

 

Conclusions:    I. W > I                 

                         II. C > N

A) Only Conclusion I is true B) Only Conclusion II is true
C) Both conclusions I & II are true D) Neither conclusion I nor II is true
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Only Conclusion II is true

Explanation:

From the given Statements : 

 1. I > W > T > N
 
 2. F = G = C
 

Conclusions are : 

 I. W > I (False)

 II. C > N (True)

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7 1613
Q:

In each question given below four conclusions are followed by statements. You have to take the three given statements to be true (even if they seem to be at variance from the commonly known facts). Read the conclusions and decide which of the following set of statement indicate that conclusion is logically follows.

Statements :
1. All chairs are tents.

2. No chairs is jugs.

3. No jugs is glasses.

4. No glasses is pots.

Conclusions :
I. All pots are tents.

II. All glasses are chair.

III. Some jugs are tents.

A) Only conclusion I follows B) Both conclusion II & III follows
C) None follows D) Only conclusion II follows
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) None follows

Explanation:
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5 1535
Q:

In the question two statements are given, followed by two conclusions, I and II. You have to consider the statements to be true even if it seems to be at variance from commonly known facts. You have to decide which of the given conclusions, if any, follows from the given statements.


Statement 1 : No squares are rectangles.
Statement 2 : All rectangles are triangles.


Conclusion I : Some triangles are squares.
Conclusion II : Some triangles are rectangles.

A) Only conclusion I follows B) Only conclusion II follows
C) Both I and II follow D) Neither I nor II follows
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Only conclusion II follows

Explanation:
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