# Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability Questions

## What is Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability?

Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability test helps measure one's numerical ability, problem solving and mathematical skills. Quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability is found in almost all the entrance exams, competitive exams and placement exams. Quantitative aptitude questions includes questions ranging from pure numeric calculations to critical arithmetic reasoning. Questions on graph and table reading, percentage analysis, categorization, simple interests and compound interests, clocks, calendars, Areas and volumes, permutations and combinations, logarithms, numbers, percentages, partnerships, odd series, problems on ages, profit and loss, ratio & proportions, stocks &shares, time & distance, time & work and more .

Every aspirant giving Quantitative Aptitude Aptitude test tries to solve maximum number of problems with maximum accuracy and speed. In order to solve maximum problems in time one should be thorough with formulas, theorems, squares and cubes, tables and many short cut techniques and most important is to practice as many problems as possible to find yourself some tips and tricks in solving quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability questions.

Wide range of Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability questions given here are useful for all kinds of competitive exams like Common Aptitude Test(CAT), MAT, GMAT, IBPS and all bank competitive exams, CSAT, CLAT, SSC Exams, ICET, UPSC, SNAP Test, KPSC, XAT, GRE, Defence, LIC/G IC, Railway exams,TNPSC, University Grants Commission (UGC), Career Aptitude test (IT companies), Government Exams and etc.

• #### Volume and Surface Area

Q:

If 20% of a = b, then b% of 20 is the same as :

 A) 4% of a B) 6% of a C) 8% of a D) 10% of a

Explanation:

20% of a = b

=> (20/100) * a = b

b% of 20 =(b/100) x 20 = [(20a/100)  / 100] x 20= 4a/100 = 4% of a.

1199 136949
Q:

If each side of a square is increased by 25%, find the percentage change in its area?

 A) 65.25 B) 56.25 C) 65 D) 56

Explanation:

let each side of the square be a , then area = $a2$

As given that The side is increased by 25%, then

New side = 125a/100 = 5a/4

New area = $5a42$

Increased area= $25a216-a2$

Increase %=$9a2/16a2*100$  % = 56.25%

914 135457
Q:

Tickets numbered 1 to 20 are mixed up and then a ticket is drawn at random. What is the probability that the ticket drawn has a number which is a multiple of 3 or 5?

 A) 1/2 B) 3/5 C) 9/20 D) 8/15

Explanation:

Here, S = {1, 2, 3, 4, ...., 19, 20}.

Let E = event of getting a multiple of 3 or 5 = {3, 6 , 9, 12, 15, 18, 5, 10, 20}.

P(E) = n(E)/n(S) = 9/20.

237 130472
Q:

A grocer has a sale of Rs 6435, Rs. 6927, Rs. 6855, Rs. 7230 and Rs. 6562 for 5 consecutive months. How much sale must he have in the sixth month so that he gets an average sale of Rs, 6500 ?

 A) 4991 B) 5467 C) 5987 D) 6453

Explanation:

Total sale for 5 months = Rs. (6435 + 6927 + 6855 + 7230 + 6562) = Rs. 34009.

Required sale = Rs.[(6500 x 6) - 34009]

= Rs. (39000 - 34009)

= Rs.  4991.

342 129185
Q:

If selling price is doubled, the profit triples. Find the profit percent ?

 A) 100% B) 200% C) 300% D) 400%

Explanation:

Let the C.P be Rs.100 and S.P be Rs.x, Then
The profit is (x-100)
Now the S.P is doubled, then the new S.P is 2x
New profit is (2x-100)
Now as per the given condition;
=> 3(x-100) = 2x-100
By solving, we get
x = 200
Then the Profit percent = (200-100)/100 = 100
Hence the profit percentage is 100%

586 128021
Q:

A clock is set right at 8 a.m. The clock gains 10 minutes in 24 hours will be the true time when the clock indicates 1 p.m. on the following day?

 A) 48 min. past 12. B) 46 min. past 12. C) 45 min. past 12. D) 47 min. past 12.

Explanation:

Time from 8 a.m. on a day to 1 p.m. on the following day = 29 hours.

24 hours 10 min. of this clock = 24 hours of the correct clock.

$1456$ hrs of this clock = 24 hours of the correct clock.

29 hours of this clock = $24*6145*29$ hrs of the correct clock

= 28 hrs 48 min of the correct clock.

Therefore, the correct time is 28 hrs 48 min. after 8 a.m.

This is 48 min. past 12.

644 125808
Q:

8 litres are drawn from a cask full of wine and is then filled with water. This operation is performed three more times. The ratio of the quantity of wine now left in cask to that of the water is 16 : 65. How much wine the cask hold originally?

 A) 18 litres B) 24 litres C) 32 litres D) 42 litres

Explanation:

Let the quantity of the wine in the cask originally be x litres

Then, quantity of wine left in cask after 4 operations =$x1-8x4$litres

$⇒1-8x4=234$

$⇒x=24$

520 125643
Q:

A bag contains 6 white and 4 black balls .2 balls are drawn at random. Find the probability that they are of same colour.

 A) 1/2 B) 7/15 C) 8/15 D) 1/9

Explanation:

Let S be the sample space

Then n(S) = no of ways of drawing 2 balls out of (6+4) =$10C2$ 10 =$10*92*1$ =45

Let E = event of getting both balls of same colour

Then,n(E) = no of ways (2 balls out of six) or (2 balls out of 4)

=$6C2+4C2$ = $6*52*1+4*32*1$= 15+6 = 21

Therefore, P(E) = n(E)/n(S) = 21/45 = 7/15