Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability Questions


What is Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability?

 

Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability test helps measure one's numerical ability, problem solving and mathematical skills. Quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability is found in almost all the entrance exams, competitive exams and placement exams. Quantitative aptitude questions includes questions ranging from pure numeric calculations to critical arithmetic reasoning. Questions on graph and table reading, percentage analysis, categorization, simple interests and compound interests, clocks, calendars, Areas and volumes, permutations and combinations, logarithms, numbers, percentages, partnerships, odd series, problems on ages, profit and loss, ratio & proportions, stocks &shares, time & distance, time & work and more .

 

Every aspirant giving Quantitative Aptitude Aptitude test tries to solve maximum number of problems with maximum accuracy and speed. In order to solve maximum problems in time one should be thorough with formulas, theorems, squares and cubes, tables and many short cut techniques and most important is to practice as many problems as possible to find yourself some tips and tricks in solving quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability questions.

 

Wide range of Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability questions given here are useful for all kinds of competitive exams like Common Aptitude Test(CAT), MAT, GMAT, IBPS and all bank competitive exams, CSAT, CLAT, SSC Exams, ICET, UPSC, SNAP Test, KPSC, XAT, GRE, Defence, LIC/G IC, Railway exams,TNPSC, University Grants Commission (UGC), Career Aptitude test (IT companies), Government Exams and etc.


Q:

If each edge of a cube is increased by 50%, find the percentage increase in Its surface area

A) 125% B) 150%
C) 175% D) 110%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 125%

Explanation:

Let the edge = a cm   

So increase by 50 % = a + a/2 = 3a/2  

Total surface Area of original cube = 6a2  

TSA of new cube = 63a22 =69a24=  13.5a2   

Increase in area = 13.5a2-6a2 =7.5a2  

 7.5a2 Increase % =7.5a26a2×100 = 125%

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347 65373
Q:

Fresh fruit contains 68% water and dry fruit contains 20% water. How much dry fruit can be obtained from 100 kg of fresh fruits ?

A) 20 B) 30
C) 40 D) 50
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 40

Explanation:

The fruit content in both the fresh fruit and dry fruit is the same.

 

Given, fresh fruit has 68% water.so remaining 32% is fruit content. weight of fresh fruits is 100kg

 

Dry fruit has 20% water.so remaining 80% is fruit content.let weight if dry fruit be y kg.

 

Fruit % in freshfruit = Fruit% in dryfruit 

 

Therefore, (32/100) x 100 = (80/100 ) x y 

 

we get, y = 40 kg.

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533 64052
Q:

The value of a machine depreciates at the rate of 10% every year. It was purchased 3 years ago. If its present value is Rs. 8748, its purchase price was :

A) 10000 B) 12000
C) 14000 D) 16000
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 12000

Explanation:

Purchase price = Rs.87481-101003 = Rs. [8748 * 10/9 * 10/9 * 10/9] = Rs.12000

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315 56958
Q:

In an examination, a student scores 4 marks for every correct answer and loses 1 mark for every wrong answer. If he attempts all 60 questions and secures 130 marks, the no of questions he attempts correctly is :

A) 35 B) 38
C) 40 D) 42
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 38

Explanation:

Let the number of correct answers be X.

Number of incorrect answers = (60 – X).

4x – (60 – x) = 130

=> 5x = 190 

=> x = 38

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154 56455
Q:

Tea worth of Rs. 135/kg & Rs. 126/kg are mixed with a third variety in the ratio 1: 1 : 2. If the mixture is worth Rs. 153 per kg, the price of the third variety per kg will be____?

A) Rs. 169.50 B) Rs.1700
C) Rs. 175.50 D) Rs. 180
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Rs. 175.50

Explanation:

Since first second varieties are mixed in equal proportions, so their average price = Rs.(126+135)/2= Rs.130.50

So, Now the mixture is formed by mixing two varieties, one at Rs. 130.50 per kg and the other at say Rs. 'x' per kg in the ratio 2 : 2, i.e., 1 : 1. We have to find 'x'.

 

Cost of 1 kg tea of 1st kind         Cost of 1 kg tea of 2nd kind 

 

 

  

x-153/22.50 = 1  => x - 153 = 22.50  => x=175.50.

 Hence, price of the third variety = Rs.175.50 per kg.

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280 56080
Q:

A student has to obtain 33% of the total marks to pass. He got 125 marks and failed by 40 marks. The maximum marks are :

A) 500 B) 600
C) 800 D) 1000
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 500

Explanation:

Given that the student got 125 marks and still he failed by 40 marks

 

=> The minimum pass mark = 125 + 40 = 165

 

Given that minimum pass mark = 33% of the total mark

 

=> total mark =33/100 =165

 

=> total mark = 16500/33 = 500

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208 55698
Q:

A student multiplied a number by 3/5 instead of 5/3, What is the percentage error in the calculation ?

A) 54 % B) 64 %
C) 74 % D) 84 %
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 64 %

Explanation:

Let the number be x.

Then, ideally he should have multiplied by  x by 5/3. Hence Correct result was x * (5/3)= 5x/3. 

 

By mistake he multiplied x by 3/5 . Hence the result with error  = 3x/5 

Then, error = (5x/3 - 3x/5) = 16x/15 

Error %  = (error/True vaue) * 100 = [(16/15) * x/(5/3) * x] * 100 = 64 %

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209 54990
Q:

A can do a piece of work in 10 days, B in 15 days. They work together for 5 days, the rest of the work is finished by C in two more days. If they get Rs. 3000 as wages for the whole work, what are the daily wages of A, B and C respectively (in Rs):

A) 200, 250, 300 B) 300, 200, 250
C) 200, 300, 400 D) None of these
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 300, 200, 250

Explanation:

A's 5 days work = 50%  

B's 5 days work = 33.33% 

C's 2 days work = 16.66%     [100- (50+33.33)] 

Ratio of contribution of work of A, B and C = 50 : 3313 : 1623 = 3 : 2 : 1   

A's total share = Rs. 1500 

B's total share = Rs. 1000 

C's total share = Rs. 500  

 

A's one day's earning = Rs.300  

B's one day's earning = Rs.200  

C's one day's earning = Rs.250

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