# Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability Questions

## What is Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability?

Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability test helps measure one's numerical ability, problem solving and mathematical skills. Quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability is found in almost all the entrance exams, competitive exams and placement exams. Quantitative aptitude questions includes questions ranging from pure numeric calculations to critical arithmetic reasoning. Questions on graph and table reading, percentage analysis, categorization, simple interests and compound interests, clocks, calendars, Areas and volumes, permutations and combinations, logarithms, numbers, percentages, partnerships, odd series, problems on ages, profit and loss, ratio & proportions, stocks &shares, time & distance, time & work and more .

Every aspirant giving Quantitative Aptitude Aptitude test tries to solve maximum number of problems with maximum accuracy and speed. In order to solve maximum problems in time one should be thorough with formulas, theorems, squares and cubes, tables and many short cut techniques and most important is to practice as many problems as possible to find yourself some tips and tricks in solving quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability questions.

Wide range of Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability questions given here are useful for all kinds of competitive exams like Common Aptitude Test(CAT), MAT, GMAT, IBPS and all bank competitive exams, CSAT, CLAT, SSC Exams, ICET, UPSC, SNAP Test, KPSC, XAT, GRE, Defence, LIC/G IC, Railway exams,TNPSC, University Grants Commission (UGC), Career Aptitude test (IT companies), Government Exams and etc.

• #### Volume and Surface Area

Q:

A and B invest in a business in the ratio 3 : 2. If 5% of the total profit goes to charity and A's share is Rs. 855, the total profit is :

 A) 500 B) 1000 C) 1500 D) 2000

Explanation:

Let the total profit be Rs. 100.

After paying to charity, A's share  = (95*3/5) = Rs. 57.

If A's share is Rs. 57, total profit = Rs. 100.

If A's share is Rs. 855, total profit  = (100/57*855) = 1500.

208 75825
Q:

Fresh fruit contains 68% water and dry fruit contains 20% water. How much dry fruit can be obtained from 100 kg of fresh fruits ?

 A) 20 B) 30 C) 40 D) 50

Explanation:

The fruit content in both the fresh fruit and dry fruit is the same.

Given, fresh fruit has 68% water.so remaining 32% is fruit content. weight of fresh fruits is 100kg

Dry fruit has 20% water.so remaining 80% is fruit content.let weight if dry fruit be y kg.

Fruit % in freshfruit = Fruit% in dryfruit

Therefore, (32/100) x 100 = (80/100 ) x y

we get, y = 40 kg.

694 70734
Q:

If each edge of a cube is increased by 50%, find the percentage increase in Its surface area

 A) 125% B) 150% C) 175% D) 110%

Explanation:

Let the edge = a cm

So increase by 50 % = a + a/2 = 3a/2

Total surface Area of original cube = $6a2$

TSA of new cube = $63a22$ =$69a24$=  $13.5a2$

Increase in area = $13.5a2-6a2$ =$7.5a2$

$7.5a2$ Increase % =$7.5a26a2×100$ = 125%

372 69898
Q:

A student multiplied a number by 3/5 instead of 5/3, What is the percentage error in the calculation ?

 A) 54 % B) 64 % C) 74 % D) 84 %

Explanation:

Let the number be x.

Then, ideally he should have multiplied by  x by 5/3. Hence Correct result was x * (5/3)= 5x/3.

By mistake he multiplied x by 3/5 . Hence the result with error  = 3x/5

Then, error = (5x/3 - 3x/5) = 16x/15

Error %  = (error/True vaue) * 100 = [(16/15) * x/(5/3) * x] * 100 = 64 %

288 66582
Q:

The value of a machine depreciates at the rate of 10% every year. It was purchased 3 years ago. If its present value is Rs. 8748, its purchase price was :

 A) 10000 B) 12000 C) 14000 D) 16000

Explanation:

Purchase price = $Rs.87481-101003$ = Rs. [8748 * 10/9 * 10/9 * 10/9] = Rs.12000

400 65207
Q:

The last day of a century cannot be

 A) Monday B) Wednesday C) Tuesday D) Friday

Explanation:

439 64152
Q:

A trader mixes 26 kg of rice at Rs. 20 per kg with 30 kg of rice of other variety at Rs. 36 per kg and sells the mixture at Rs. 30 per kg. His profit percent is:

 A) No profit, no loss B) 5% C) 8% D) 10%

Explanation:

C.P. of 56 kg rice = Rs. (26 x 20 + 30 x 36) = Rs. (520 + 1080) = Rs. 1600.

S.P. of 56 kg rice = Rs. (56 x 30) = Rs. 1680.

Gain =(80/1600*100) % = 5%

462 64108
Q:

In an examination, a student scores 4 marks for every correct answer and loses 1 mark for every wrong answer. If he attempts all 60 questions and secures 130 marks, the no of questions he attempts correctly is :

 A) 35 B) 38 C) 40 D) 42

Explanation:

Let the number of correct answers be X.

Number of incorrect answers = (60 – X).

4x – (60 – x) = 130

=> 5x = 190

=> x = 38