Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability Questions


What is Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability?

 

Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability test helps measure one's numerical ability, problem solving and mathematical skills. Quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability is found in almost all the entrance exams, competitive exams and placement exams. Quantitative aptitude questions includes questions ranging from pure numeric calculations to critical arithmetic reasoning. Questions on graph and table reading, percentage analysis, categorization, simple interests and compound interests, clocks, calendars, Areas and volumes, permutations and combinations, logarithms, numbers, percentages, partnerships, odd series, problems on ages, profit and loss, ratio & proportions, stocks &shares, time & distance, time & work and more .

 

Every aspirant giving Quantitative Aptitude Aptitude test tries to solve maximum number of problems with maximum accuracy and speed. In order to solve maximum problems in time one should be thorough with formulas, theorems, squares and cubes, tables and many short cut techniques and most important is to practice as many problems as possible to find yourself some tips and tricks in solving quantitative aptitude - arithmetic ability questions.

 

Wide range of Quantitative Aptitude - Arithmetic Ability questions given here are useful for all kinds of competitive exams like Common Aptitude Test(CAT), MAT, GMAT, IBPS and all bank competitive exams, CSAT, CLAT, SSC Exams, ICET, UPSC, SNAP Test, KPSC, XAT, GRE, Defence, LIC/G IC, Railway exams,TNPSC, University Grants Commission (UGC), Career Aptitude test (IT companies), Government Exams and etc.


Q:

A problem is given to three students whose chances of solving it are 1/2, 1/3 and 1/4 respectively. What is the probability that the problem will be solved?

A) 1/4 B) 1/2
C) 3/4 D) 7/12
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 3/4

Explanation:

Let A, B, C be the respective events of solving the problem and A , B, C be the respective events of not solving the problem. Then A, B, C are independent event

A, B, C are independent events

Now,  P(A) = 1/2 , P(B) = 1/3 and P(C)=1/4

 PA=12, PB=23, PC= 34

 P( none  solves the problem) = P(not A) and (not B) and (not C)  

                  = PABC 

                  = PAPBPC          A, B, C are Independent                       

                  =  12×23×34  

                  = 14  

Hence, P(the problem will be solved) = 1 - P(none solves the problem) 

                = 1-14= 3/4

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1250 309085
Q:

A bag contains 50 P, 25 P and 10 P coins in the ratio 5: 9: 4, amounting to Rs. 206. Find the number of coins of each type respectively.

A) 360, 160, 200 B) 160, 360, 200
C) 200, 360,160 D) 200,160,300
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 200, 360,160

Explanation:

let ratio be x.

Hence no. of coins be 5x ,9x , 4x respectively

Now given total amount = Rs.206

=> (.50)(5x) + (.25)(9x) + (.10)(4x) = 206

we get x = 40

=> No. of 50p coins = 200

=> No. of 25p coins = 360

=> No. of 10p coins = 160

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2070 275622
Q:

A grocer has a sale of Rs 6435, Rs. 6927, Rs. 6855, Rs. 7230 and Rs. 6562 for 5 consecutive months. How much sale must he have in the sixth month so that he gets an average sale of Rs, 6500 ?

A) 4991 B) 5467
C) 5987 D) 6453
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 4991

Explanation:

 Total sale for 5 months = Rs. (6435 + 6927 + 6855 + 7230 + 6562) = Rs. 34009.

 Required sale = Rs.[(6500 x 6) - 34009]

= Rs. (39000 - 34009) 

= Rs.  4991.

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600 273710
Q:

What is the next number in the given Number Series?

5, 24, 94, 279, ?

A) 587 B) 554
C) 489 D) 499
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 554

Explanation:

The given number series follows a pattern that

5 x 5 – 1 = 24

24 x 4 – 2 = 94

94 x 3 – 3 = 279

279 x 2 – 4 = 554

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70 263711
Q:

Insert the missing number.

2, 6, 12, 20, 30, 42, 56, (....)

A) 61 B) 64
C) 72 D) 70
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 72

Explanation:

The pattern is 1 x 2, 2 x 3, 3 x 4, 4 x 5, 5 x 6, 6 x 7, 7 x 8.

So, the next number is 8 x 9 = 72.

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124 258860
Q:

Find out the wrong number in the given sequence of numbers.

56, 72, 90, 110, 132, 150

A) 72 B) 110
C) 132 D) 150
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 150

Explanation:

The numbers are 7 x 8, 8 x 9, 9 x 10, 10 x 11, 11 x 12, 12 x 13.

So, 150 is wrong.

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42 253969
Q:

Insert the missing number.

16, 33, 65, 131, 261, (....)

A) 523 B) 521
C) 613 D) 721
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 523

Explanation:

Each number is twice the preceding one with 1 added or subtracted alternatively.

So, the next number is (2 x 261 + 1) = 523.

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74 253443
Q:

Find the odd number out of the following number series?

2 4 8 11.5 18.25 28.375

A) 18.25 B) 28.375
C) 11.5 D) 8
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 8

Explanation:

Given number series follows a pattern that,

2

2 x 1.5 + 1 = 4

4 x 1.5 + 1 = 7 (not equal to 8)

7 x 1.5 + 1 = 11.5

11.5 x 1.5 + 1 = 18.25

18.25 x 1.5 + 1 = 28.375

 

Hence, the odd number in the given number series is 8.

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58 241857