Decimal Fractions Questions

FACTS  AND  FORMULAE  FOR  DECIMAL  FRACTION  QUESTIONS

 

 

I. Decimal Fractions : Fractions in which denominators are powers of 10 are known as decimal fractions.Thus

1/10 = 1 tenth = .1;

1/100 = 1 hundredth = .01;

99/100 = 99 hundreths = .99;

7/1000 = 7 thousandths = .007 etc

 

II. Conversion of a Decimal Into Vulgar Fraction : Put 1 in the denominator under the decimal point and annex with it as many zeros as is the number of digits after the decimal point.

Now, remove the decimal point and reduce the fraction to its lowest terms. Thus

0.25 = 25/100 = 1/4;

2.008 = 2008/1000 = 251/125.

 

III. 

1. Annexing zeros to the extreme right of a decimal fraction does not change its value.

Thus, 0.8 = 0.80 = 0.800, etc.      

2. If numerator and denominator of a fraction contain the same number of decimal places, then we remove the decimal sign.Thus

1.84/2.99 = 184/299 = 8/13;     

0.365/0.584 = 365/584 = 5/8

 

IV. Operations on Decimal Fractions :

1. Addition and Subtraction of Decimal Fractions : The given numbers are so placed under each other that the decimal points lie in one column. The numbersso arranged can now be added or subtracted in the usual way.


2. Multiplication of a Decimal Fraction By a Power of 10 : Shift the decimal point to the right by as many places as is the power of 10. Thus

5.9632 x 100 = 596.32;

0.073 x 10000 = 0.0730 x 10000 = 730.


3.Multiplication of Decimal Fractions : Multiply the given numbers considering them without the decimal point. Now, in the product, the decimal point is marked off to obtain as many places of decimal as is the sum of the number of decimal places in the given numbers.

Suppose we have to find the product (.2 x .02 x .002).

Now, 2 x 2 x 2 = 8. Sum of decimal places = (1 + 2 + 3) = 6.  

Therefore, .2 x .02 x .002 = .000008.


4.Dividing a Decimal Fraction By a Counting Number : Divide the given number without considering the decimal point, by the given counting number.Now, in the quotient, put the decimal point to give as many places of decimal as there are in the dividend.

Suppose we have to find the quotient (0.0204 / 17).

Now, 204 / 17 = 12. Dividend contains 4 places of decimal.

So, 0.0204 / 17 = 0.0012.


5. Dividing a Decimal Fraction By a Decimal Fraction : Multiply both the dividend and the divisor by a suitable power of 10 to make divisor a whole number. Now, proceed as above.

Thus, 0.00066/0.11 = (0.00066 x 100)/(0.11 x 100) = (0.066/11) = 0.006


V. Comparison of Fractions : Suppose some fractions are to be arranged in ascending or descending order of magnitude. Then, convert each one of the given fractions in the decimal form, and arrange them accordingly.

Suppose, we have to arrange the fractions 3/5, 6/7 and 7/9 in descending order. now, 3/5=0.6,   6/7 = 0.857,  7/9 = 0.777.... since 0.857 > 0.777... > 0.6

 So 6/7 > 7/9 > 3/5

 

VI. Recurring Decimal : If in a decimal fraction, a figure or a set of figures is repeated continuously, then such a number is called a recurring decimal. In a recurring decimal, if a single figure is repeated, then it is expressed by putting a dot on it. If a set of figures is repeated, it is expressed by putting a bar on the set .

Thus 1/3 = 0.3333….= 0.3; 22 /7 = 3.142857142857..... = 3.142857¯

Pure Recurring Decimal: A decimal fraction in which all the figures after the decimal point are repeated, is called a pure recurring decimal.

Converting a Pure Recurring Decimal Into Vulgar Fraction : Write the repeated figures only once in the numerator and take as many nines in the denominator as is the number of repeating figures.

Thus , 0.5=59; 0.53¯ = 5399; 0.067¯=67999etc...

Mixed Recurring Decimal: A decimal fraction in which some figures do not repeat and some of them are repeated, is called a mixed recurring decimal. e.g., 0.17333 = 0.173¯

Converting a Mixed Recurring Decimal Into Vulgar Fraction : In the numerator, take the difference between the number formed by all the digits after decimal point (taking repeated digits only once) and that formed by the digits which are not repeated, In the denominator, take the number formed by as many nines as there are repeating digits followed by as many zeros as is the number of non-repeating digits.

Thus, 0.16 = (16-1) / 90 = 15/90 = 1/6;  

0.2273¯=2273-229900=22519900

 

VII. Some Basic Formulae : 

1.a+ba-b=a2-b2

2. a+b2=a2+b2+2ab

3. a-b2=a2+b2-2ab

4. a+b+c2=a2+b2+c2+2ab+bc+ca

5. a3+b3=a+ba2-ab+b2

6. a3-b3=a-ba2+ab+b2

7. a3+b3+c3-3abc=a+b+ca2+b2+c2-ab-bc-ac

8. When a+b+c=0, then a3+b3+c3=3abc

Q:

When 0.46 is written in simplest form, the sum of the numerator and the denominator is  ?

A) 69 B) 73
C) 96 D) 41
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 73

Explanation:

0.46 = 46/100 = 23/50.

Sum of the numerator and denominator is 23 + 50 = 73

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10 6723
Q:

If two fractions, each of which has a value between 0 and 1, are multiplied together, the product will be :

A) always greater than either of the original fractions B) always less than either of the original fractions
C) sometimes greater and sometimes less than either of the original fractions D) remains the same
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) always less than either of the original fractions

Explanation:

We can easily Answer this by taking some values.

 

The question states that the two fractions, each have values between 0 and 1.

Let us say one of the fraction is 1/2 and the other fraction is 1/3 .

The product of the two fractions is 1/2 x 1/3 = 1/6 .
 is lesser than both 1/2  and 1/3 .

So, the correct answer is that the product is always less than either of the original fractions

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13 6575
Q:

When 52416 is divided by 312, the quotient is 168. what will be the quotient when 52.416 is divided by 0.0168?

A) 3.12 B) 312
C) 3120 D) None of these
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 3120

Explanation:

Given, 52416312=168 52416168=312 

 

Now , 52.4160.0168=5241616.8=52416168×10 =312×10=3120

 

 

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11 6265
Q:

3.81.25, written as a pure decimal, will be

 

A) 3.14 B) 3.04
C) 3.06 D) 3.08
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 3.04

Explanation:
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10 6259
Q:

Represent the 0.000256 in vulgar fraction.

 

A) 4/15625 B) 2/15625
C) 16/15625 D) 8/15625
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 4/15625

Explanation:
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0 5244
Q:

0.2×0.2+0.010.1×0.1+0.02-1 is equal to

A) 5/3 B) 9/5
C) 41/4 D) 41/12
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 5/3

Explanation:

Given expression = 0.2×0.2×0.010.1×0.1×0.02=0.04+0.010.01+0.02=0.050.03=53

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11 5222
Q:

Evaluate : 3.392-2.6123.39-2.69?

A) 3 B) 4
C) 6 D) 1
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 6

Explanation:

 

It is in the form of a2-b2a-b = a+ba-ba-b = a+b

 

Here a = 3.39   b = 2.61 

 

 = 3.39 + 2.61 = 6.

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6 5127
Q:

Express 0.875 and 0.375 as a Fraction.

A) 3/11 & 7/11 B) 7/9 & 9/13
C) 7/8 & 3/8 D) 7/9 & 9/11
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 7/8 & 3/8

Explanation:

Given 0.875 and 0.375

0.875 ::

After decimal point there are 3 digits 875

Now, mutiply and divide 0.875 with 1000

0.875 x 10001000 = 8751000 Now, this can be reduced to fraction 78Therefore, 0.875 as fraction = 78

Similarly,

0.375 :: 

After decimal point there are 3 digits 375

Now, mutiply and divide 0.375 with 1000

0.375 x 10001000 = 3751000Now, this can be reduced to fraction 38Therefore, 0.375 as fraction = 38

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6 5029