Assertion and Reason Questions

Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A)  :   Mohammad-bin-Tughluq is called the 'wisest fool'. 

Reason (R)     :   He had wise plans but implemented them foolishly. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

R provides the correct explanation of A. 

 

 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A)  :   Red colour of blood is due to haemoglobin. 

Reason (R)     :  Haemoglobin is a red pigment. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

Haemoglobin is the blood pigment that imparts red colour to the blood. 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

 Assertion (A) :  Clothes are not washed properly in hard water. 

 Reason (A)    :  Hard water contains many minerals. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

Clothes are not washed properly in hard water because it does not form lather with soap. However, it is true that hard water contains many minerals. 

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative 

Assertion (A) : Appendix is a vestigial organ in human body. 

Reason (R)    : It does not participate in digestion. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

Appendix, earlier used to digest raw vegetable matter, is now a vestigial organ in human body and does-not perform any function. 

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Q:

Assertion(A) : The pouring of kerosene oil on stagnant pools helps to eradicate malaria.
Reason(R) : The kerosene oil is poisonous for the mosquitoes.

A) R correctly explains A B) R is true but A is fale
C) A is true but R is false D) Both A and R are false
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) A is true but R is false

Explanation:

The kerosene oil sprayed on the water provodes a thin cating and the larvae of the mosquitoes are prevented from coming up to breathe. Thus, they die.
Hence, A is true but R is false.

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Q:

Directions : For the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) below, choose the correct alternative

Assertion (A) : An atom is neutral despite the charged particles in it. 

Reason (R) : The neutrons do not have any charge. 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
C) A is true but R is false. D) A is false but R is true.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A.

Explanation:

An atom contains the positively charged protons and an equal number of negatively charged electrons So, it is neutral

 

 

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Q:

Assertion(A) : Indus valley people knew the art of navigation.
Reason(R) : Indus valley seals indicate prevalence of overseas trade.

A) R is true but A is fale B) A is true but R is false
C) Both A and R are false D) R correctly explains A
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) R correctly explains A

Explanation:

The seals found at Indus valley sites gave evidance of overseas trade, which was possible only with the knowledge of art of navigation.
Thus, both A and R are true & R correctly explains A.

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Q:

Assertion(A) : The steam engine was invented by James Watt.
Reason(R) : There was a problem of taking out water from flooded mines.

A) R correctly explains A B) R is true but A is fale
C) A is true but R is false D) Both A and R are false
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) R correctly explains A

Explanation:

The problem of pumping out water from the flooded mines provided the need of self-working engine, which led James Watt to invent the same.
Thus, both A and R are true & R correctly explains A.

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