# Chemistry Questions

Q:

The purest form of iron is

 A) wrought iron B) steel C) pig iron D) nickel steel

Explanation:

Wrought Iron is the purest form of iron. It contains 0.12 to 0.25% carbon and so it is the purest form of iron.

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Q:

Among the following the maximum covalent character is shown by the compound

(1)$MgCl2$

(2)$FeCl2$

(3)$SnCl2$

(4) $AlCl3$

 A) Option 1 B) Option 2 C) Option 3 D) Option 4

Explanation:

According to Fajans rule, cation with greater charge and smaller size favours covalency.

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Q:

Hydrogen bomb is based on the principle of

 A) nuclear fission B) nuclear fusion C) natural radioactivity D) artificial radioactivity

Explanation:

Hydrogen Bomb is based on the principle of Nuclear Fusion.

• Nuclear fusion is a reaction in which two or more atomic nuclei are combined to form one or more different atomic nuclei and subatomic particles.

• The difference in mass between the reactants and products is manifested as either the release or absorption of energy.

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Q:

Boron cannot form which one of the following anions?

(1) $BO2-$

(2) $BF63-$

(3) $BH4-$

(4) $B(OH)4-$

 A) Option 1 B) Option 2 C) Option 3 D) Option 4

Explanation:

Due to absence of low lying vacant d orbital in B, $sp3d2$hybridization is not possible hence $BF63-$will not formed.

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Q:

SI unit of equivalent conductance

 A) ohm/cm B) Siemens m2/equivalent C) Siemens/equivalent D) mho/cm

Explanation:

Equivalent conductance is defined as the conductance of an electrolyte solution containing one gram equivalent of the electrolyte. It is equal to the product of specific conductance (k) of the solution and the volume (V) of the solution that contains one gram equivalent of the electrolyte.

$λ$ = k x V

Unit of spceific conductance k is Siemens / m.

Volume of the solution V is $m3$

Now, required equivalent conductance unit is .

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Q:

Silver Mirror test is given by which one of the following compounds?

1. Benzophenone

2. Acetaldehyde

3. Acetone

4. Formaldehyde

 A) Only 1 B) Only 2 C) 1 and 3 D) 2 and 4

Explanation:

Both Formaldehyde and Acetaldehyde will give this test

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Q:

What is the Iupac name for the compound shown below.

 A) 1-Bromo-3-chlorocyclohexene B) 2-Bromo-6-chlorocyclohex-1-ene C) 6-Bromo-2-chlorocyclohexene D) 3-Bromo-1-chlorocyclohex-1-ene

Explanation:

In chemical nomenclature, the IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry is a systematic method of naming organic chemical compounds as recommended by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).

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Q:

Which pair of atoms has the highest electronegativity difference?

(Calcium's electronegativity is 1.0

Fluorine's electronegativity is 4.0

Hydrogen's electronegativity is 2.2

Sodium's electronegativity is 0.93)

 A) F-F B) Ca-F C) H-F D) Na-F

Explanation:

F-F = 4 - 4 = 0

Ca-F = 4 - 1 = 3.0

H-F = 4 - 2.2 = 1.8

Na-F = 4 - 0.93 = 3.07

Hence, the highest electronegativity difference is in Na-F.