Chemistry Questions

Q:

The purest form of iron is 

A) wrought iron B) steel
C) pig iron D) nickel steel
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) wrought iron

Explanation:

Wrought Iron is the purest form of iron. It contains 0.12 to 0.25% carbon and so it is the purest form of iron.

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Q:

Which of the following is NOT a property of bases?

 

A) They react with acids and neutralise them B) They turn red litmus blue
C) They turn blue litmus red D) They have bitter taste
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) They turn blue litmus red

Explanation:
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Q:

Among the following the maximum covalent character is shown by the compound

(1)MgCl2

(2)FeCl2

(3)SnCl2

(4) AlCl3

A) Option 1 B) Option 2
C) Option 3 D) Option 4
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Option 4

Explanation:

According to Fajans rule, cation with greater charge and smaller size favours covalency.

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Q:

Hydrogen bomb is based on the principle of  

A) nuclear fission B) nuclear fusion
C) natural radioactivity D) artificial radioactivity
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) nuclear fusion

Explanation:

Hydrogen Bomb is based on the principle of Nuclear Fusion.

Hydrogen_bomb_is_based_on_the_principle_of1552385714.jpg image

 

  • Nuclear fusion is a reaction in which two or more atomic nuclei are combined to form one or more different atomic nuclei and subatomic particles.

 

  • The difference in mass between the reactants and products is manifested as either the release or absorption of energy.
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Q:

Boron cannot form which one of the following anions?

(1) BO2-

(2) BF63-

(3) BH4-

(4) B(OH)4-

A) Option 1 B) Option 2
C) Option 3 D) Option 4
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Option 2

Explanation:

Due to absence of low lying vacant d orbital in B, sp3d2hybridization is not possible hence BF63-will not formed. 

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Q:

SI unit of equivalent conductance

A) ohm/cm B) Siemens m2/equivalent
C) Siemens/equivalent D) mho/cm
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Siemens m2/equivalent

Explanation:

SI_unit_of_equivalent_conductance1556274980.jpg image

 

Equivalent conductance is defined as the conductance of an electrolyte solution containing one gram equivalent of the electrolyte. It is equal to the product of specific conductance (k) of the solution and the volume (V) of the solution that contains one gram equivalent of the electrolyte.

 

 λ = k x V

 

Unit of spceific conductance k is Siemens / m.

 

Volume of the solution V is m3

 

Now, required equivalent conductance unit is Siemens.m2/equivalent .

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Q:

The maximum number of electrons that can be accommodated in a shell depends on the formula

 

A) 1n2 B) n2
C) 3n2 D) 2n2
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 2n2

Explanation:
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Q:

Silver Mirror test is given by which one of the following compounds?

1. Benzophenone

2. Acetaldehyde

3. Acetone

4. Formaldehyde

A) Only 1 B) Only 2
C) 1 and 3 D) 2 and 4
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 2 and 4

Explanation:

Both Formaldehyde and Acetaldehyde will give this test

 HCHO[Ag(NH3)2+]    Silver mirrorAg + Organic compound

 CH3-CHO [Ag(NH3)2+] AgSilver mirror+ Organic compound 

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