6
Q:

A Shopkeeper  charges sales tax of x% upto Rs.2,000 and above it he charges y%. A customer pays total tax of Rs 320, when he purchases the goods worth Rs. 6,000 and he pay's the total tax of Rs. 680 for the goods worth Rs. 12,000. The value of (x-y) is:

A) 0 B) -2
C) -4 D) 5

Answer:   B) -2



Explanation:

          2000xX100 + 4000xY100 = 320

 

and     2000xX100 + 10000xY100 = 680

 

x = 4  and  y = 6

 

x-y = -2

Q:

If P is 140, which is 40% more than Q, then 3/25 of Q is

A) 9 B) 12
C) 18 D) 24
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 12

Explanation:

From the given data,

P = 140

But it is given that,

40% of Q + Q = 140 = P

=> Q + [40Q/100] = 140

=> [100Q + 40Q]/100 = 140

=> 140Q = 140 x 100

=> Q = 100

Now,

 3/25 of Q 

= (3/25) x 100

= 3 x 4 

= 12 

 

Required 3/25 of Q  = 12.

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12 602
Q:

When the price of rice decrease by 10%, a girl could buy 1 kg more for Rs. 270. Then, the original price of the rice per kg is

A) Rs. 36 B) Rs. 30
C) Rs. 28 D) Rs. 40
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Rs. 30

Explanation:

From the given data,

When the price of rice is decreased by 10%, the value of Rs. 270 would become

270 x 100/90 = 300

Now, the value 270 becomes 300

And given, the girl could buy 1 kg extra for that value

Change in value = 300 - 270 = Rs. 30

 

Therefore, 1 kg extra rice she can get for Rs. 30

 

=> The original price of rice = Rs. 30/kg.

 

As she gets only 9 kgs for Rs. 270 before 10% discount, now after discount she gets 10 kgs instead of 9 kgs for Rs. 270.  

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20 1122
Q:

5% of 400000?

A) 4000 B) 16000
C) 8000 D) 20000
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 20000

Explanation:

5% of 400000

= 5 x 400000/100

= 20,000

 

Hence, 5% of 4,00,000 = 20,000

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12 585
Q:

Solve 30 + (.0825 x 30) + (15% x 30)

A) 24.750 B) 36.975
C) 34.652 D) 26.354
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 36.975

Explanation:

30 + (.0825 x 30) + (15% x 30)

 

Now

=> 0.0825 x 30 = 2.475 -----(1)

=> 15% of 30 = 450/100 = 4.5 -----(2) 

 

Hence, from (1) & (2)

30 + (.0825 x 30) + (15% x 30)

= 30 + 2.475 + 4.5

30 + (.0825 x 30) + (15% x 30) = 36.975.

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12 1118
Q:

15% of 32 is

A) 3.6 B) 4.8
C) 5.2 D) 5.8
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 4.8

Explanation:

15% of 32 is 

15 x 32/100 = 4.8.

 

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16 784
Q:

A restaurant offers a new promotion of 20% off the original price of cakes, which is Rs. 12. Before the promotion 250 cakes were sold each day. After the promotion, the sale of cakes increases an average of 18% more per day. How much more or less does the restaurant make each day in cakes sales after the promotion?

A) Rs. 185 less B) Rs. 202 more
C) Rs. 175 more D) Rs. 168 less
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Rs. 168 less

Explanation:

Cost of each cake P1 & P2 = Rs. 12

Offer decrease in % = 20%

Increase in sale per day (Q2) = 250 - 18%

Total quantity per day (Q1) = 250

Hence, required change total revenue

TR = P2Q2 - P1Q1 = (12 x 0.8 x 250 x 1.18) -  (12 x 250) = - Rs.168.

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12 1516
Q:

One hour is what percent of a day?

A) 5.6% B) 4.16%
C) 3.35% D) 6.7%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 4.16%

Explanation:

A day has 24 hrs

=> If 24 hrs - 100

Then 1 hr = ?

100/24 = 4.16%

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15 1426
Q:

In a class of 80 students and 5 teachers, each student got sweets that are 15% of the total number of students and each teacher got sweets that are 25% of the total number of students. How many sweets were there?

A) 1060 B) 960
C) 1020 D) 920
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 1060

Explanation:

Total number of sweets

= 80 x 15 x 80/100 + 5 x 80 x 25/100

= 960 + 100 = 1060

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21 1355