18
Q:

# A shopkeeper’s earning increases by 25% in first year but decreases by 4% in the next and so on. After 5 years his total earnings would be Rs. 72,000. What is his present earning?

 A) Rs. 40,000 B) Rs. 45,000 C) Rs. 42,000 D) Rs. 46,000

Explanation:

Let his present earnings be Rs. p

ATQ,

(125/100) x (96/100) x (125/100) x (96/100) x (125/100) x p = 72000

p = Rs. 40,000.

Q:

When the price of rice decrease by 10%, a girl could buy 1 kg more for Rs. 270. Then, the original price of the rice per kg is

 A) Rs. 36 B) Rs. 30 C) Rs. 28 D) Rs. 40

Explanation:

From the given data,

When the price of rice is decreased by 10%, the value of Rs. 270 would become

270 x 100/90 = 300

Now, the value 270 becomes 300

And given, the girl could buy 1 kg extra for that value

Change in value = 300 - 270 = Rs. 30

Therefore, 1 kg extra rice she can get for Rs. 30

=> The original price of rice = Rs. 30/kg.

As she gets only 9 kgs for Rs. 270 before 10% discount, now after discount she gets 10 kgs instead of 9 kgs for Rs. 270.

3 325
Q:

5% of 400000?

 A) 4000 B) 16000 C) 8000 D) 20000

Explanation:

5% of 400000

= 5 x 400000/100

= 20,000

Hence, 5% of 4,00,000 = 20,000

4 268
Q:

Solve 30 + (.0825 x 30) + (15% x 30)

 A) 24.750 B) 36.975 C) 34.652 D) 26.354

Explanation:

30 + (.0825 x 30) + (15% x 30)

Now

=> 0.0825 x 30 = 2.475 -----(1)

=> 15% of 30 = 450/100 = 4.5 -----(2)

Hence, from (1) & (2)

30 + (.0825 x 30) + (15% x 30)

= 30 + 2.475 + 4.5

30 + (.0825 x 30) + (15% x 30) = 36.975.

8 628
Q:

15% of 32 is

 A) 3.6 B) 4.8 C) 5.2 D) 5.8

Explanation:

15% of 32 is

15 x 32/100 = 4.8.

10 539
Q:

A restaurant offers a new promotion of 20% off the original price of cakes, which is Rs. 12. Before the promotion 250 cakes were sold each day. After the promotion, the sale of cakes increases an average of 18% more per day. How much more or less does the restaurant make each day in cakes sales after the promotion?

 A) Rs. 185 less B) Rs. 202 more C) Rs. 175 more D) Rs. 168 less

Explanation:

Cost of each cake P1 & P2 = Rs. 12

Offer decrease in % = 20%

Increase in sale per day (Q2) = 250 - 18%

Total quantity per day (Q1) = 250

Hence, required change total revenue

TR = P2Q2 - P1Q1 = (12 x 0.8 x 250 x 1.18) -  (12 x 250) = - Rs.168.

6 873
Q:

One hour is what percent of a day?

 A) 5.6% B) 4.16% C) 3.35% D) 6.7%

Explanation:

A day has 24 hrs

=> If 24 hrs - 100

Then 1 hr = ?

100/24 = 4.16%

7 724
Q:

In a class of 80 students and 5 teachers, each student got sweets that are 15% of the total number of students and each teacher got sweets that are 25% of the total number of students. How many sweets were there?

 A) 1060 B) 960 C) 1020 D) 920

Explanation:

Total number of sweets

= 80 x 15 x 80/100 + 5 x 80 x 25/100

= 960 + 100 = 1060

10 762
Q:

Rohan spends 24% of an amount of money on an insurance policy, 34% on food, 19% on children’s education and 17% on recreation. He deposits the remaining amount of Rs. 540 in bank. How much total amount does he spend on food and insurance policy together?

 A) Rs. 6350 B) Rs. 5220 C) Rs. 5890 D) Rs. 6458

Explanation:

Remaining % of amount with Rohan

= 100 - (24 + 34 + 17 + 19)

= 100 - 94

= 6%

=> 6% = 540

=> 100% = ?

540 x 100/6 = Rs. 9000

Now, Money spent on insurance and food is

= 34 + 24 = 58% of 9000

= 58 x 9000/100

= 58 x 90

= Rs. 5220