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Q:

What device converts light energy to electrical energy?

A) Photodiode B) Photovoltaic cell
C) Thermocouple D) Heliostats

Answer:   B) Photovoltaic cell



Explanation:

what_device_converts_light_energy_to_electrical_energy1555397376.png image

 

A device which is used to convert light energy directly into electrical energy is called as photovoltaic cell or a solar cell.

 

Heliostats convert light energy into heat energy.

 

A thermocouple is a device for measuring temperature.

Subject: Physics
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Q:

The least penetrating power ray is

A) Gamma rays B) Beta rays
C) Alpha rays D) None of the above
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Alpha rays

Explanation:

The least penetrating power ray is Alpha rays.

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Q:

One billionth of a second is called

A) microsecond B) picoseconds
C) millisecond D) nanosecond
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) nanosecond

Explanation:

A nanosecond (ns) is an SI unit of time equal to one thousand-millionth of a second or one billionth of a second.

 

  • That is, 1/1,000,000,000 of a second, or 10^−9 seconds.
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Q:

Rotameter is used to measure

A) Vortex flow B) Density of fluids
C) Velocity of fluid in pipes D) Flow of fluids
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Flow of fluids

Explanation:

A rotameter is a flow meter that measures volumetric flow of liquids and gases.

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Q:

Electrical Energy is the energy of

A) Protons B) Neutrons
C) Electrons D) All the above
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Electrons

Explanation:

We know that Kinetic energy is the energy of a moving object and in the same way Electrical energy is the form of kinetic energy caused by moving electric charges called electrons.

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Q:

The energy associated with motion is called

A) Potential energy B) Kinetic energy
C) Both A & B D) Stored energy
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Kinetic energy

Explanation:

Energy can be either potential or kinetic. The energy associated with motion is called Kinetic energy and similarly, the energy associated with position is called Potential energy.

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Q:

Electric current is measured by which instrument?

A) voltmeter B) ammeter
C) barometer D) sinometer
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) ammeter

Explanation:

Electric current is measured by the instrument called ammeter. As current in a circuit is measured in amperes, the instrument used is called as ammeter.

Electric_current_is_measured_by_which_instrument1555505098.jpg image

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Q:

Speed in a given direction is called

A) Velocity B) Torque
C) Acceleration D) Displacement
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Velocity

Explanation:

Speed in a given direction is called Velocity.

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Q:

One light year is approximately equal to

A) 10^12 mts B) 10^16 mts
C) 10^11 mts D) 10^13 mts
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 10^16 mts

Explanation:

Light year is the unit of to express astronomical distances, that light can travel in one year. Light moves at a velocity of about 300,000 kilometers (km) each second. So in one year, it can travel about 10 trillion km. More precisely, one light-year is equal to 9,500,000,000,000 kilometers.

 

Approximately, 1 light year = 10^16 mts.

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