4
Q:

# The market price of an article was 40% more than its cost price. Rana was going to sell it at market price to a customer, but he showed Rana some defects in the article, due to which Rana gave him a discount of 28.57%. Next day he came again and showed Rana some more defects, hence he gave him another discount that was equal to 12.5% of the cost price. What was the approximate profit/loss to Rana ?

 A) Loss of 12.5% B) Profit of 12.5% C) Loss of 24.5% D) Profit of 22.5%

Explanation:

Let the cost price be Rs. 100
Then, market price is Rs. 140
Now, the first discount is of 28.57% Rs.140 =~ Rs. 40
Hence, its selling price = 140 - 40 = Rs. 100
Now since Rana is selling at cost price, any further discount will be equal to loss percentage.
The next dicount of 12.5% will be the loss percentage to Rana.

Q:

A guy walks into a store and steals Rs. 100 from the store without the owner's knowledge.
He then buys Rs. 60 worth of goods using that Rs. 100 and the owner gies Rs. 40 in change.

How much money did the owner lose?

 A) RS. 200 B) Rs. 160 C) Rs. 100 D) Rs. 40

Explanation:

The first lost Rs. 100, but after the thief bought Rs. 60 goods, he get that Rs. 100 back but he lost Rs. 60 value of goods and Rs. 40 in change.

So, a total of 60 + 40 = 100 Rs. the owner lose.

0 51
Q:

A bottle is sold at a loss of 9%. Had it sold for Rs. 15 more, a profit of 25/2% would have gained. What is the cost price of the bottle (approx)?

 A) Rs. 32 B) Rs. 35 C) Rs. 36 D) Rs. 33

Explanation:

Let the cost price of the bottle = Rs. 100

Selling price of the bottle = Rs. 100 - Rs. 9 = Rs. 91

Then, from the given data,

=> 112 (1/2) - 91 = 15

=> 21 (1/2) = 15

=> 43 = 15

Then 100 = ?

1500/43 = 34.885 =~ 35

Hence, the cost price of the bottle = Rs. 35

1 97
Q:

Selling price of a cellphone is increased by 20%. For this sale is decreased by 30%. Find the effect of total sales?

 A) 16% B) 14.5% C) 12% D) 10.5%

Explanation:

Let cost of each cell phone = Rs.100 & Sale = 100 phones.

Money receipt = Rs.(100 x 100) = Rs.10,000

New cost per cellphone = Rs.120 and New sale = 70 phones

New Money Receipt = Rs.(70 x 120) = Rs.8400

Then the effect of sales = decrease in money receipt =

3 111
Q:

'X' sells fruits at 21% profit. If X bought it for 9% less and sold it for Rs.29 less, he would have gained 25%. The cost price of fruits is?

 A) Rs. 400 B) Rs. 420 C) Rs. 460 D) Rs. 480

Explanation:

Let the cost price of the fruits be 'C.P'

From the given data, after analysis it can be solved as

(121% of C.P) - (125% of 91% of C.P) = 29

Hence, the cost price of the fruits = Rs. 400.

7 827
Q:

Anil purchases two books for Rs.100. He sells first at loss of 5% and second al 20% profit. If he gets Overall profit of 5% then what is cost of first book?

 A) 58 B) 60 C) 55 D) 45

Explanation:

-5-----------------------5-------------------20

5-(-5) = 10

20-5= 15

Ratio of cost price of book1 and book2 = 3:2

Then cost price of book 1 is given by

(3/5) x 100 = Rs. 60.

14 1170
Q:

A shop keeper sells an article at a loss of 8%, but when he increases the selling price of the article by Rs. 164 he earns a profit of 2.25% on the cost price. If he sells the same article at Rs. 1760, what is his profit percentage?

 A) 2.5% B) 5% C) 10% D) 7.5%

Explanation:

According to the given data,

Let Cost price of the article be 'cp'

Then,

102.25 cp - 92 cp = 164 x 100

10.25 cp = 16400

cp = 1600

Now, if he sells at Rs. 1760

Profit = 1760 - 1600 = 160

Profit% = 160/1600 x 100 = 10%.

6 880
Q:

An item is sold at a loss of 10%. Had it sold for Rs. 9 more, a profit of 25/2% would have gained. What is the cost price of the item?

 A) Rs. 90 B) Rs. 75 C) Rs. 55 D) Rs. 40

Explanation:

Let the cost price of the item = Rs. 50

Sold at 10% loss => for Rs. 50 loss  S.P = Rs. 45

From the  given data,

25/2 % gain if it is sold at Rs. 9 more

56.25 - 45 = 9

=> 11.25 = 9

=> 22.5 = 18

=> 45 = 36

=> 50 = ?

=>

Hence, the Cost price of the item = Rs. 40.

8 2528
Q:

The marked price of an article is increased by 25% and the selling price is increased by 16.66%, then the amount of profit doubles. If the original marked price be Rs. 400 which is greater than the corresponding cost price by 33.33%, what is the increased selling price?

 A) Rs. 380 B) Rs. 420 C) Rs. 460 D) Rs. 440

Explanation:

As given in the question, Marked price is 25% more than the Cost price.

=> C.P of the article =

Now,

Let the original S.P of the article be Rs. P

Now the new S.P = P +

=> S.P = $7P6$

According to the question,

=> 5P = 1800

=> P = Rs. 360

Hence, the increased S.P = 360 x 7/6 = Rs. 420.