Technical Questions

Q:

List out some reasons for process termination.

Answer

- Normal completion


- Time limit exceeded


- Memory unavailable


- Bounds violation


- Protection error


- Arithmetic error


- Time overrun


- I/O failure


- Invalid instruction


- Privileged instruction


- Data misuse


- Operator or OS intervention


- Parent termination.

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Q:

________ is an open source DBMS product that runs on UNIX, Linux and Windows.

A) MySQL B) JSP/SQL
C) JDBC/SQL D) Sun ACCESS
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) MySQL

Explanation:
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Q:

What is page cannibalizing?

Answer

Page swapping or page replacements are called page cannibalizing.

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Q:

main()

{

char s[ ] = "man";

int i;

for( i=0; s[ i ]; i++)

printf( "n%c%c%c%c", s[ i ], *(s+i), *(i+s), i[s] );

}

A) mmmm aaaa nnnn B) aaaa mmmm nnnn
C) nnnn aaaa mmmm D) None
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) mmmm aaaa nnnn

Explanation:

s[i], *(i+s), *(s+i), i[s] are all different ways of expressing the same idea.Generally array name is the base address for that array. Here s is the base address. i is the index number/displacement from the base address. So, indirecting it with * is same as s[i]. i[s] may be surprising. But in the case of C it is same as s[i].

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Q:

What are the typical elements of a process image?

Answer

User data: Modifiable part of user space. May include program data, user stack area, and programs that may be modified.


User program: The instructions to be executed.


System Stack: Each process has one or more LIFO stacks associated with it. Used to store parameters and calling addresses for procedure and system calls.


Process control Block (PCB): Info needed by the OS to control processes.

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Q:

When mapping a supertype/subtype relationship which of the following is true?

A) The supertype primary key is assigned to each subtype. B) The subtype primary key is assigned to each supertype.
C) There is no link between the supertype/subtype entities. D) There is no primary key/foreign key relationship between a supertype/subtype.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) The supertype primary key is assigned to each subtype.

Explanation:
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Q:

main()

{

char *p; p = "Hello";

printf ("%cn", *&*p);

}

A) H B) Hello
C) Compilation error D) H E L L O
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) H

Explanation:

* is a dereference operator & is a reference operator. They can be applied any number of times provided it is meaningful. Here p points to the first character in the string "Hello". *p dereferences it and so its value is H. Again & references it to an address and * dereferences it to the value H

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Job Role: Software Architect

12 9137
Q:

What is a binary semaphore? What is its use?

Answer

A binary semaphore is one, which takes only 0 and 1 as values. They are used to implement mutual exclusion and synchronize concurrent processes.

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