GATE Questions

Q:

If two dice are thrown together, the probability of getting an even number on one die and an odd number on the other is  ?

A) 1 B) 1/2
C) 0 D) 3/5
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 1/2

Explanation:

The number of exhaustive outcomes is 36.
Let E be the event of getting an even number on one die and an odd number on the other. Let the event of getting either both even or both odd then = 18/36 = 1/2
P(E) = 1 - 1/2 = 1/2.

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Q:

In an exam, a candidate secured 504 marks out of the maximum mark of 'M'. If the maximum mark 'M' is converted into 800 marks, he would have secured 384 marks. What is the value of 'M' ?

A) 910 B) 1000
C) 970 D) None of the above
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) None of the above

Explanation:

504/M = 384/800

(504 x 800) / 384 = M

M = 1050

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Q:

Divide Rs.118000 among three persons A, B and C such that the ratio of the shares of A and B is 3:4 and that of B:C is 5:6 ?

A) A = 48000 B = 40000 C = 30000 B) A = 30000 B = 40000 C = 48000
C) A = 30000 B = 48000 C = 40000 D) A = 40000 B = 48000 C = 30000
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) A = 30000 B = 40000 C = 48000

Explanation:

Compound ratio of A:B:C
A:B = 3:4
B:C = 5:6
----------
A:B:C = 15:20:24

We can divide Rs.118000 in this ratio.

Share of A = 15/59 x 118000 = 30000

Share of B = 20/59 x 118000 = 40000

Share of C = 24/59 x 118000 = 48000

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Q:

Compound interest earned on a sum for the second and the third years are Rs.1200 and Rs.1440 respectively. Find the rate of interest ?

A) 20% p.a B) 15% p.a
C) 18% p.a D) 24% p.a
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 20% p.a

Explanation:

Rs.1440 - 1200 = Rs.240 is the interest on Rs.1200 for one year.

Rate of interest = (100 x 240) / (1200) = 20% p.a

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Q:

A group of 10 representatives is to be selected out of 12 seniors and 10 juniors. In how many different ways can the group be selected if it should have at least one senior ?

A) ²²C₁₀ + 1 B) ²²C₉ + ¹⁰C₁
C) ²²C₁₀ D) ²²C₁₀ - 1
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) ²²C₁₀ - 1

Explanation:

The total number of ways of forming the group of ten representatives is ²²C₁₀.
The total number of ways of forming the group that consists of no seniors is ¹⁰C₁₀ = 1 way
The required number of ways = ²²C₁₀ - 1

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