0
Q:

Answer the following Program 

Additional Details

#define CHARSIZE 8

#define MASK(y) (1 << y % CHARSIZE)

#define BITSLOT (y) (y / CHARSIZE)

#define SET(x,y) ( x[BITSLOT(y)] = MASK(y) )

#define TEST(x,y) ( x[BITSLOT(y)] & MASK(y) )

#define NUMSLOTS(n) ((n + CHARSIZE - 1) / CHARSIZE)

 

Give the above macros how would you

1. declare an array arr of 50 bits

2. put the 20th bit on

3. test whether the 40th bit is on or off

 

Answer:



Q:

public static void main string[] args Meaning is?

Answer

Here in this declaration public static void main string[] args, each keyword has its importance.


 


1. public - Here public is an access specifier which allows the main method to be accessible everywhere.


 


2. static - static helps the main method to get loaded without getting called by any instance/object.


 


3. void - void clarifies that the main method will not return any value.


 


4. main - It's the name of the method.


 


5. String[] args - Here we are defining a String array to pass arguments at the command line. args is the variable name of the String array.

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7 130
Q:

The coding or scrambling of data so that humans cannot read them, is known as _____.

A) Compression B) Encryption
C) Ergonomics D) Biometrics
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Encryption

Explanation:

The coding or scrambling of data so that humans cannot read them is known as encryption.

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9 399
Q:

In programming, repeating some statements is usually called  ?

A) Running B) Structure
C) Looping D) Control structure
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Looping

Explanation:
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6 550
Q:

Write a quick script for launching a new activity within your application.

Answer

An explicit intent explicitly defines the activity the developer wishes to start. 


Script code :


Intent myIntent = new Intent(this, MyNewActivity.class);


startActivity(myIntent);

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9 682
Q:

A source program is the program written in which level language  ?

A) Alpha Numeric B) High-Level
C) Symbolic D) Machine
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) High-Level

Explanation:
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2 1272
Q:

What's the difference between the functions rand(), random(), srand() and randomize()?

Answer

rand()  returns a random number


random()  returns a random number in a specified range


srand()  initialise a random number generator with a given seed value


randomize()   initializes a random number generator with a random value based o time.

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2 1321
Q:

How would you use the function memmove()?

Answer

#include "mem.h"


#include "alloc.h"


main()


{


      int area;


      char *dest;


      char src[] = "Life is the camera and you are the target"


                                  "so keep smiling always";


      area = sizeof (src);


      dest = malloc (area);


      memmove (dest, src, area);


      printf("\n%s", dest);


      printf("\n%s",src);


}

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1 1155
Q:

How would you use qsort() function to sort an array of structures?

Answer

#include "string.h"


#include "stdlib.h"


struct stud


{


       int rollno;


       int marks;


       char name[30];


};


int sort_m (struct stud *, struct stud *);


int sort_name (struct stud *, struct stud *);


int sort_marks (struct stud *, struct stud *);


 


main()


{


static struct stud ss[] = {


                                            { 15, 96, "Akshay" },


                                            { 2, 97, "Madhuri" },


                                            { 8, 85, "Aishvarya" },


                                            { 10, 80, "Sushmita" }


                                   };


int x,w;


clrscr();


w = sizeof (struct stud);


 


printf ('\nIn order of roll numbers:");


qsort (ss, 4, w, sort_rn);


for(x=0; x<4;x++)


     printf ("\n%d%s%d", ss[x].rollno, ss[x].name,ss[x].marks);


 


printf("\n\nIn order of names:");


qsort(ss, 4, sort_name);


 


for (x=0; x<4;x++)


      printf("\n%d%s%d",ss[x].rollno, ss[x].name,ss[x].marks);


printf("\n\nIn order of marks:");


qsort(ss,4,w,sort_marks);


 


for (x=0;x<4;x++)


      printf ("\n%d%s%d",ss[x].rollno,ss[x].name,ss[x].marks);


}


int sort_rn (struct stud *t1, struct stud *t2)


{


     return (t1->rollno-t2->rollno);


}


 


int sort_name (struct stud *t1, struct stud *t2)


{


     return (strcmp(t1->name,t2->name));


}


int sort_marks (struct stud *t1, struct stud *t2)


{


     return (t2->marks-t1->marks);


}


 


 


 

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