Verbal Reasoning - Logical Deduction Questions


What is Verbal Reasoning: Logical Deduction?

 

Verbal reasoning as the name speaks includes problem solving based around words and language. Verbal reasoning calculates one's reading and understanding abilities. Reading comprehension and critical thinking are part of verbal reasoning .One should be able to draw reasonable conclusions from sentences and paragraphs .spellings and vocabulary, sentence formations, punctuation and grammar are all tested. Verbal reasoning involves interpreting sentences, deriving conclusions from passages, solving of word problems, extracting logic from given statements, deriving course of action from the statements, arguments, assumptions and conclusions from the given statements.

 

Verbal reasoning questions are expected in many competitive and Entrance exams like IBPS and other Bank Exams, WBSC Exam, APPSC, SSC Exams, PSTET Exam, NDA, CAT,GMAT and other MBA entrance exams, Job placement tests for many IT and Non IT organizations, SAT,GRE, GATE ,TOEFL,Medical transcription tests and more. For some Entrance exams like GRE, GATE,TOEFL the test scores are highly based on verbal reasoning score.

 

One can acquire strong verbal reasoning from extensive vocabulary, good knowledge on synonyms and antonyms, spellings, strong reading and understanding skills. Thorough practice of several verbal reasoning papers develops ease in answering and understanding different patterns of questions.

 

We have a large database of questions for you to practice on verbal reasoning. You can expect these questions in most of the competitive exams and entrance tests.


Q:

Some boys are men. No man is black

Conclusions:

1. Some boys are not black

2. Some men are boys

A) Only 1 follows B) Only 2 follows
C) Either 1 or 2 follows D) Neither 1 nor 2 follows
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Only 1 follows

Explanation:

Since one premise is negative , the conclusion must be negative. so 2 does not follow and only 1 follows

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17 5192
Q:

Should jobs be linked with academic degrees and diplomas? 

Arguments:

1. No. A very large number of persons with meagre academic qualifications will apply

2. No. Importance of higher education will be diminished

A) Only 1 is true B) Only 2 is true
C) Either 1 or 2 is true D) Neither 1 nor 2 is true
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Only 2 is true

Explanation:

Delinking jobs with degrees will diminish the need for higher education as amny of them persue such education for jobs.So, only arg 2 is strong

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7 5140
Q:

A large number of people in ward X of the city are diagnosed to be suffering from a fatal malaria type.

 

Courses of Action:

I. The city municipal authority should take immediate steps to carry out extensive fumigation in ward X.

II. The people in the area should be advised to take steps to avoid mosquito bites.

A) Only I follows B) Only II follows
C) Neither I nor II follows D) Both I and II follow
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Both I and II follow

Explanation:

Clearly, prevention from mosquitoes and elimination of mosquitoes are two ways to prevent malaria. So, both the courses follow.

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2 5019
Q:

Should India become a permanent member of UN's Security Council?

Arguments:

I. Yes. India has emerged as a country which loves peace and amity.

II. No. Let us first solve problems of our own people like poverty, malnutrition.

A) Only argument I is strong B) Only argument II is strong
C) Neither I nor II is strong D) Both I and II are strong
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Only argument I is strong

Explanation:
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10 4643
Q:

Sally has never received a violation from the Federal Aviation Administration during her 16-year flying career. Sally must be a great pilot. 

 

Which of the following can be said about the reasoning above?

A) The definitions of the terms create ambiguity. B) The argument uses circular reasoning.
C) The argument works by analogy. D) The argument is built upon hidden assumptions.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) The argument is built upon hidden assumptions.

Explanation:

From the above statemnts only "The argument is built upon hidden assumptions." will be true

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13 4598
Q:

I.  Importance of Yoga and exercise is being realized by all sections of the society.

II. There is an increasing awareness about health in the society particularly among middle ages group of people.

A) Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect. B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
C) Both the statements I and II are independent causes. D) Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.

Explanation:

As the awareness about health in the society is increasing particularly among middle-aged group of people, the importance of Yoga and exercise is being realized by all sections of the society.

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15 4548
Q:

Is the Government justified in spending so much on defence?

Arguments:

I. Yes. Safety of the country is of prime importance.

II. No. During peace, this money could be used for the development of the country.

A) Only argument I is strong B) Only argument II is strong
C) Neither I nor II is strong D) Both I and II are strong
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Only argument I is strong

Explanation:

Clearly, defence is necessary for the safety of the country, which is of prime importance. So, argument I holds. Also, a country can concentrate on internal progress and development only when it is safe from external aggressions. So, argument II does not hold.

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7 4521
Q:

Should cutting of trees be banned altogether?

Arguments:

I. Yes. It is very much necessary to do so to restore ecological balance.

II. No. A total ban would harm timber based industries.

A) Only argument I is strong B) Only argument II is strong
C) Neither I nor II is strong D) Both I and II are strong
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Both I and II are strong

Explanation:
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6 4455