Verbal Reasoning - Logical Deduction Questions


What is Verbal Reasoning: Logical Deduction?

 

Verbal reasoning as the name speaks includes problem solving based around words and language. Verbal reasoning calculates one's reading and understanding abilities. Reading comprehension and critical thinking are part of verbal reasoning .One should be able to draw reasonable conclusions from sentences and paragraphs .spellings and vocabulary, sentence formations, punctuation and grammar are all tested. Verbal reasoning involves interpreting sentences, deriving conclusions from passages, solving of word problems, extracting logic from given statements, deriving course of action from the statements, arguments, assumptions and conclusions from the given statements.

 

Verbal reasoning questions are expected in many competitive and Entrance exams like IBPS and other Bank Exams, WBSC Exam, APPSC, SSC Exams, PSTET Exam, NDA, CAT,GMAT and other MBA entrance exams, Job placement tests for many IT and Non IT organizations, SAT,GRE, GATE ,TOEFL,Medical transcription tests and more. For some Entrance exams like GRE, GATE,TOEFL the test scores are highly based on verbal reasoning score.

 

One can acquire strong verbal reasoning from extensive vocabulary, good knowledge on synonyms and antonyms, spellings, strong reading and understanding skills. Thorough practice of several verbal reasoning papers develops ease in answering and understanding different patterns of questions.

 

We have a large database of questions for you to practice on verbal reasoning. You can expect these questions in most of the competitive exams and entrance tests.


Q:

Some mountains are hillocks. Some mountains are rivers. Some mountains are valleys.

Conclusions:

1. All mountains are either hillocks or rivers or valleys

2. No valley is river

3. Some river are valleys

A) None follows B) Only 1 follows
C) Only 2 and 3 follow D) Only 3 follows
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Only 2 and 3 follow

Explanation:

2 and 3 are the satements involving the extreme terms of the last 2 premises and form a complementary pair. Thus either 2 or 3 follows

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10 4291
Q:

Seven people A, B, C, D, E, F and G live on separate floors of a 7-floor building. Ground floor is numbered 1, first floor is numbered. 2 and so on until the topmost floor is numbered 7. Each one of these having a different cars-Cadillac, Ambassador, Fiat, Maruti, Mercedes, Bedford and Fargo but not necessarily in the same order. Only three people live above the floor on which A lives. Only one person lives between A and the one having a car Cadillac. F lives immediately below the one having a car Bedford. The one having a car Bedford lives on an even-numbered floor. Only three people live between the ones having a car Cadillac and Maruti. E lives immediately above C. E is not having a car Maruti. Only two people live between B and the one having a car Fargo. The one having a car Fargo lives below the floor on which B lives. The one having a car Fiat does not live immediately above D or immediately below B. D does not live immediately above or immediately below A. G does not have a car Ambassador.

Question :

 How many people live between the floors on which D and the one having a car Bedford ?

A) One B) Two
C) Three D) Four
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Two

Explanation:

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Above is the table obtained from the given information in the passage.

There are two people (B & G) live between the floors on which D and the one having a car Bedford.

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10 4209
Q:

Should India become a permanent member of UN's Security Council?

Arguments:

I. Yes. India has emerged as a country which loves peace and amity.

II. No. Let us first solve problems of our own people like poverty, malnutrition.

A) Only argument I is strong B) Only argument II is strong
C) Neither I nor II is strong D) Both I and II are strong
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Only argument I is strong

Explanation:
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8 4179
Q:

A study of native born residents in Newland found that two-thirds of the children developed considerable levels of nearsightedness after starting school, while their illiterate parents and grandparents, who had no opportunity for formal schooling, showed no signs of this disability.

 

If the above statements are true, which of the following conclusions is most strongly supported by them?

A) Only people who have the opportunity for formal ...........schooling develop nearsightedness. B) The nearsightedness in the children is caused by the ...........visual stress required by reading and other class work.
C) Both A and B D) None
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) The nearsightedness in the children is caused by the ...........visual stress required by reading and other class work.

Explanation:

Acording to the above stated passage only the argument " The nearsightedness in the children is caused by the ...........visual stress required by reading and other class work." will be true

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23 4076
Q:

A large number of people in ward X of the city are diagnosed to be suffering from a fatal malaria type.

 

Courses of Action:

I. The city municipal authority should take immediate steps to carry out extensive fumigation in ward X.

II. The people in the area should be advised to take steps to avoid mosquito bites.

A) Only I follows B) Only II follows
C) Neither I nor II follows D) Both I and II follow
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Both I and II follow

Explanation:

Clearly, prevention from mosquitoes and elimination of mosquitoes are two ways to prevent malaria. So, both the courses follow.

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1 3996
Q:

Should cutting of trees be banned altogether?

Arguments:

I. Yes. It is very much necessary to do so to restore ecological balance.

II. No. A total ban would harm timber based industries.

A) Only argument I is strong B) Only argument II is strong
C) Neither I nor II is strong D) Both I and II are strong
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Both I and II are strong

Explanation:
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5 3954
Q:

Although most of the fastest growing jobs in today's economy will require a college degree, many of the new jobs being created-from home health aide to desktop publisher-require knowledge other than that gained from earning a degree. For workers in those jobs, good basic skills in reading, communigreion, and mathematics play an important role in getting a job and developing a career. 

 

From the information given above it can be validly concluded that, in today's economy,

A) skills in reading, communigreion, and mathematics play an important role in developing a career as a desktop publisher B) the majority of the new jobs being created require knowledge other than that gained from earning a college degree
C) Both A and B D) None
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) skills in reading, communigreion, and mathematics play an important role in developing a career as a desktop publisher

Explanation:

According to the above passage only the argument "the majority of the new jobs being created require knowledge other than that gained from earning a college degree" is true

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10 3877
Q:

Should high chimneys be installed in industries? 

Arguments:

1. Yes. It reduces pollution at ground level

2. No. It increments pollution in upper atmosphere

A) Only 1 is true B) Only 2 is true
C) Either 1 or 2 is true D) Neither 1 nor 2 is true
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Only 1 is true

Explanation:

Pollution at ground level is the most hazardious in the way of being injuriousto human and animal life.So,argument 1 alone holds

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3 3664