# Verbal Reasoning - Logical Deduction Questions

## What is Verbal Reasoning: Logical Deduction?

Verbal reasoning as the name speaks includes problem solving based around words and language. Verbal reasoning calculates one's reading and understanding abilities. Reading comprehension and critical thinking are part of verbal reasoning .One should be able to draw reasonable conclusions from sentences and paragraphs .spellings and vocabulary, sentence formations, punctuation and grammar are all tested. Verbal reasoning involves interpreting sentences, deriving conclusions from passages, solving of word problems, extracting logic from given statements, deriving course of action from the statements, arguments, assumptions and conclusions from the given statements.

Verbal reasoning questions are expected in many competitive and Entrance exams like IBPS and other Bank Exams, WBSC Exam, APPSC, SSC Exams, PSTET Exam, NDA, CAT,GMAT and other MBA entrance exams, Job placement tests for many IT and Non IT organizations, SAT,GRE, GATE ,TOEFL,Medical transcription tests and more. For some Entrance exams like GRE, GATE,TOEFL the test scores are highly based on verbal reasoning score.

One can acquire strong verbal reasoning from extensive vocabulary, good knowledge on synonyms and antonyms, spellings, strong reading and understanding skills. Thorough practice of several verbal reasoning papers develops ease in answering and understanding different patterns of questions.

We have a large database of questions for you to practice on verbal reasoning. You can expect these questions in most of the competitive exams and entrance tests.

• #### Theme Detection

Q:

M and N have children A and B.
F is spouse of B.
D is child of F.
P is son in law of N.
K is kid of P.

Who is male chiled of M and N ?

 A) B B) A C) None D) Can't be determined

Explanation:

Spouse means a person's partner in marriage, it can be male or female.
But given F is spouse of B
And P is Son in law of N
Relation between F and B
Relation between P and A only
and p is male So, A must be female
=> B is male child.

Filed Under: Logic - Verbal Reasoning - Logical Deduction
Exam Prep: AIEEE , Bank Exams , CAT , GATE , GRE , TOEFL
Job Role: Bank Clerk , Bank PO

10 7665
Q:

Some hills are rivers. Some rivers are desrets. All desrets are roads.

Conclusions:

3. Some deserts are hills

 A) None follows B) Only 1 follows C) Only 1 and 2 follows D) All follow

Explanation:

Some hills are  rivers. Some rivers are deserts.

Since both the premises are particular, no defenite conclusion follows.

Some rivers are deserts. All deserts are roads

Since one premise is particular,the conclusion must be particular and should'nt contain the middle term. Since it follows that 'Some rivers are roads'. 1 is the converse of this conclusion and so it holds.

8 7342
Q:

Mr. A, Miss B, Mr. C and Miss D are sitting around a table and discussing their trades.

1. Mr. A sits opposite to cook
2. Miss b sits right to the barber.
3. The washer man is on the left of the tailor
4. Miss D sits opposite Mr. C

What are the trades of A and B ?

 A) Tailor and Barber B) Tailor and cook C) Barber and cook D) washer man and cook

Explanation:

Clealry, C and D sit opposite to each other. So, if A sits opposite to cook, B shall be the cook.
Now, B is to the right of barber. So, one of the rest, say C will be barber.
Clealry, then D on the opposite side shall be washerman or tailor. But, washerman is left of tailor and D on the left of A.
So, D is washerman and A is tailor.

Thus, A and B are Tailor and Cook.

16 7158
Q:

Some blankets are beds. Some pillows are blankets. All beds are pillows

Conclusions:

1. Some blankets are pillows

2. Some pillows are beds

3. Some beds are blankets

 A) Only either 1 or 2 follows B) Only 1 and either 2 or 3 follows C) Only 3 and either 1 or 2 follows D) All 1 ,2 and 3 follow

Explanation:

1 is the converse of 2nd premise,2 is the converse of 3rd premiseand 3 is the converse of 1st premise and such, all the 3 follow

7 6763
Q:

Arguments:

1. No. A very large number of persons with meagre academic qualifications will apply

2. No. Importance of higher education will be diminished

 A) Only 1 is true B) Only 2 is true C) Either 1 or 2 is true D) Neither 1 nor 2 is true

Explanation:

Delinking jobs with degrees will diminish the need for higher education as amny of them persue such education for jobs.So, only arg 2 is strong

7 6392
Q:

Some envelops are gums. Some gums are seals. Some seals are adhesives.

Conclusions:

1. Some envelops are seals

 A) Only 3 B) Only 1 C) Only 2 D) Only 4

Explanation:

0 6147
Q:

I. The vegetable prices in the local market have increases manifold during the past few days.

II. Incessant rains have created flood like situation in most rural parts of the State.

 A) Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect. B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect. C) Both the statements I and II are independent causes. D) Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.

Explanation:

The transportation gets effect due to the flood created by incessant rains in the most rural parts of State. Therefore, on account of this, it is possible to increase the vegetable prices in the local market.

26 6047
Q:

Question :

In a cricket team, the average age of eleven players in 28 years. What is the age of the captain?

Statements :

a. The captain is eleven years older than the youngest player.

b. The average age of 10 players, other than the captain is 27.3 years.

c. Leaving aside the captain and the youngest player, the average ages of three groups of three players each are 25 years, 28 years and 30 years respectively.

 A) All a,b and c follows B) Only a and c follows C) Either b alone or a & b follows D) None

Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Either b alone or a & b follows

Explanation:

From statement (b)
Average of 11 players = 11 x 28 = 308
Average of 10 players = 10 x 27.3 = 273
Age of captain = 308 - 273 = 35.

From the Statement (a) we can say that captain's age (C) = y + 11 ...(1) where y-youngers age
From the statement (c),the averge age of 3groups of 3players each was given,
It means total 9 players age was given indirectly,
1st group: 25 x 3 = 75
2nd group: 28 x 3 = 84
3rd group: 30 x 3 = 90
Total  is 75 + 84 + 90 = 249
Now {C + Y + (9 players age sum)}/11 = 28
Y + 11 + Y + (249) = 28 x 11=308
2Y+260=308
2Y = 308-260 = 40 ==> Y=24 ==> C(captain's age)= Y+11 = 24+11 = 35

Therefore, statement b alone or a & c only is the answer.