Statement and Assumptions Questions

Q:

The 'M' Cooperative housing society has put up a notice at its gate that sales persons are not allowed inside the society

Assumptions: 

1. All the sales persons stay away from 'M' Cooperation society

2. The security guard posted at the gate may be able to stop the sales persons entering the society

A) Only 1 is true B) Only 2 is true
C) Either 1 or 2 is true D) Both 1 and 2 follow
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Both 1 and 2 follow

Explanation:

Since both the assumptions follow from the given statement,So both 1 and 2 are implicit

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Q:

If he is intelligent,he will pass the examination

Assumptions:

1. To Pass,he must be intelligent

2. He will pass the examination

A) Only 1 is true B) Only 2 is true
C) Either 1 or 2 is true D) Neither 1 nor 2 is true
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Only 1 is true

Explanation:

The statement mentions that he will pass if he is intelligent.So,1 is implicit.further,this means that it is not necessary that he will pass.So, 2 is not implicit

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4 4423
Q:

"If it does not rain throughout this month ,most farmers would be in trouble this year"

Assumptions:

1. Timely rain is essential for farming

2. Most farmers are generally dependent on rains

A) Only 1 is true B) Only 2 is true
C) Either 1 or 2 is true D) Both 1 and 2 follow
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Both 1 and 2 follow

Explanation:

It is mentioned that farmers will be in troble without rain .This means that timely rain is essential.Also,it shows that farmers are dependent on rain.So,both 1 and 2 are true

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9 4381
Q:

If you are an engineer ,we have a challenging job for you

Assumptions:

1. We need an engineer

2. You are an engineer

A) Only 1 is true B) Only 2 is true
C) Either 1 or 2 is true D) Neither 1 or 2 is true
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Only 1 is true

Explanation:

Clearly job is is offered to an engineer.This means that he is needed.So,1 is true.The word "If" in the statement 2 makes it false

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0 3832
Q:

Banks should always check financial status before lending money to a client.

Assumptions : 

I. Checking before lending would give a true picture of the client's financial status.

II. Clients some times may not present the correct picture of their ability to repay loan amount to the bank.

A) If only assumption I is Implicit B) If only assumption II is Implicit
C) If either I or II is Implicit D) If both I and II are Implicit
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) If only assumption I is Implicit

Explanation:

I is implicit in the norm prescribed in the sentence. This is why checking is being advised. Again, what would the banks check? Obviously  what the clients reveal. Banks would assume the revelation to be true.Hence II is not implicit. However, II is vague. If cross - checking is what the speaker has in mind, II would become implicit.

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2 3202
Q:

The Highway police authority put up large boards at regular intervals indicating the speed limit and dangers of over-speeding on the highways.

Assumptions: 

I. Most of the motorists may drive their vehicles within the speed limit on the highways.

II. Motorists generally ignore such cautions and over-speed on the highways.

A) If only assumption I is Implicit B) If only assumption II is Implicit
C) If either I or II is Implicit D) If both I and II are Implicit
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) If only assumption I is Implicit

Explanation:

The boards have been put with the assumption that they may have a positive impact.

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5 3034
Q:

The office building needs repairing just as urgently as it needs internal as well as external painting

Assumptions:

1. Efficiency of people working in the office cannot be improved unless office building is reapaire

2. Repairing and painting of office building require funds

A) Only 1 is true B) Only 2 is true
C) Either 1 or 2 is true D) Neither 1 nor 2 is true
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Neither 1 nor 2 is true

Explanation:

Nothing can be deduced regarding the effect of reapirs of office building on efficency of workers,or the requirement of funds for repairs,from the given statement.So,neither 1 nor 2 is true

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3 2810
Q:

"I would like to study the impact of pay revision on job satisfaction of employees." - A tells B

Assumptions:

1. Job epairing and painting of office building require funds

2. A has necessary competence to undertake such study

A) Only 1 is true B) Only 2 is true
C) Either 1 or 2 is true D) Both 1 and 2 follow
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Both 1 and 2 follow

Explanation:

Clearly A whishes to study the degree of effect of pay revision on job satisfaction of employees.This means that job satisfaction can be measured and A is capable of making such a study.So,both are not implicit

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