Cause and Effect Reasoning Questions

Q:

Cause : A severe cyclonic storm swept away most part of the state during the last two days.

Which of the following cannot be a possible effect of the above cause?

A) Heavy rainfall was reported in most part of the state during the last two days B) Many people were rendered homeless as their houses were flown away
C) The communication system of the state was severely affected and continues to be out of gear D) Govt has ordered that all the offices and schools should be kept open
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Govt has ordered that all the offices and schools should be kept open

Explanation:

In such a cataclysmic scenario, the govt is likely to order the closure of offices and schools

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3 2192
Q:

A : There is increase in water level of all the water tanks supplying drinking water to the city during the last fornight

B : Most of the trains were cancelled last week due to waterlogging on the tracks.

A) If statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect B) If statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect
C) If both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes D) If both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common cause
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) If both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes

Explanation:

Increase in water level of all water tanks and the problem of water -logging on the tracks are the result of increase of water availability or surplus of water (due to rain). Hence, both the events are effects of the same cause.

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3 2053
Q:

A : The Government has decided to roll back the hike in the prices of cooking gas and kerosene

B : Some ministers had resigned in protest against the hike in prices of cooking gas and other petroleum products. 

A) If 'A' is the effect and 'B' is its immediate and principal cause. B) If 'A' is the immediate and principal cause and 'B' is its effect
C) If 'A' is an effect but 'B' is not its immediate and principal cause D) If 'B' is an effect but 'A' is not its immediate and principal cause
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) If 'A' is the immediate and principal cause and 'B' is its effect

Explanation:

Reduction of its stake in nationalised banks by the government is a steps towards privatisation of bank. And this is a reason of strike in bank by the bank employees.

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6 2027
Q:

A : Many girls started talking part in beauty contest in several towns in india

B : Indian girls succeeded in capturing all the titles of beauty contests. i.e Miss World, Miss Universe and Miss Asia

A) If 'A' is the effect and 'B' is its immediate and principal cause. B) If 'A' is the immediate and principal cause and 'B' is its effect
C) If 'A' is an effect but 'B' is not its immediate and principal cause D) If 'B' is an effect but 'A' is not its immediate and principal cause
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) If 'A' is an effect but 'B' is not its immediate and principal cause

Explanation:

There would be no suhch speculation on the part of the Australian caption if his team were not visiting india in the first place. So the latter is a cause.But the immediate cause of the warning is the speculation

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7 1785
Q:

Here are some words translated from an artificial language.

briftamint means 'militant'
uftonel means 'occupied'
uftonalene means 'occupation'

Which word could mean "Occupant"?

A) elamint B) briftalene
C) uftonamint D) elbrifta
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) uftonamint

Explanation:

Brift means the root word mili; the suffix amint means the same as the English suffix –tant; the root word ufton– means occupy; el means the suffix –ied of occupied; and alene means the suffix –tion. (Because ufton means occupy, choices a, b, and d can be easily ruled out.)

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5 1705
Q:

Who has the best overall health?

A) a person who exercises regularly and is not overweight B) a person who is not ill and is physically active
C) a person who lives longer than his or her grandparents D) a person who balances social, physical, and mental health
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) a person who balances social, physical, and mental health

Explanation:

A person who balances all the three healths such as Physical, mental and Social healths has the best overall health.

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5 1007
Q:

An assertion(A) and a reason(R) are given below.

 

Assertion (A): Plants convert light energy into chemical energy during the process of photosynthesis.
Reason (R): Sugar produced from photosynthesis by plants is used by human beings as a source of energy.

 

Choose the correct option.

 

 

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A B) Both A and R are true and R is not the correct explanation of A
C) A is true, but R is false D) A is false, but R is true
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Both A and R are true and R is not the correct explanation of A

Explanation:
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0 358
Q:

An assertion (A) and a reason (R) are given below.

 

Assertion (A) : Mangoes are sweet when they are ripe.

Reason (R) : Mangoes are available mainly in summer in India.

 

Choose the correct option.

 

A) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of A B) Both A and R are true, but R is correct explanation of A
C) A is true, but R is false D) A is false, but R is true
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Both A and R are true, but R is correct explanation of A

Explanation:
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