3
Q:

Dust particles in the air of large industrial cities are removed by 

A) Sedimentation B) Electrophoresis
C) Tyndall effect D) Brownian movement

Answer:   B) Electrophoresis



Explanation:

Dust particles such as coal dust(smoke) are fine particle of a solid (carbon in the case of smoke) dispersed in air. They are colloidal systems and the particles are charged either positive or negative. In an applied electrical field, they are attracted towards the opposite electrodes. Movement of the particles towards the electrodes is known as 'electrophoresis'. Hence electrophoresis is applied to remove smoke within the chimeny itself without allowing it to escape into the air and cause nuisance.

Subject: Chemistry
Q:

What is the chemical name of the deadly poison 'cyanide'?

 

A) Prussic acid B) Sulfuric acid
C) Hydrochloric acid D) Nitric acid
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Prussic acid

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Q:

Blue litmus paper turns ____ on contact with an acidic solution.

 

A) green B) red
C) yellow D) brown
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) red

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Q:

What is the dominant chemical present in detergent powder?

 

A) Calcium carbonate B) Sodium alkyl sulphate
C) Hydrochloric acid D) Sodium carbonate
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Sodium carbonate

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Q:

Nitrous Oxide' is the chemical name of ______.

 

A) Tear Gas B) Fire Extinguisher
C) Laughing Gas D) Mosquito Repellent
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Laughing Gas

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Q:

_____ gases trap heat in the atmosphere which makes the Earth warmer, causing global warming.

 

A) Greenhouse B) Nobel
C) Elemental D) Compound
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Greenhouse

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Q:

Calcium Sulphate dihydrate is commonly known as ________.

 

A) gypsum B) glass
C) asbestos D) limestone
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) gypsum

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Q:

What is the more common name for solid carbon dioxide?

 

A) Epsom B) Dry Ice
C) Potash D) Quick Silver
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) Dry Ice

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Q:

Which of the following is the major component of vinegar?

 

A) Citric acid B) Lactic acid
C) Nitric acid D) Acetic acid
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) Acetic acid

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