Time and Work Questions

FACTS  AND  FORMULAE  FOR  TIME  AND  WORK  QUESTIONS

 

 

1. If A can do a piece of work in n days, then A's 1 day's work =1n

2. If A’s 1 day's work =1n, then A can finish the work in n days.

 

3. A is thrice as good a workman as B, then:

Ratio of work done by A and B = 3 : 1.

Ratio of times taken by A and B to finish a work = 1 : 3.

 

NOTE : 

Efficiency1No of time units

 

 Efficiency × Time = Constant Work

 

Hence, Required time = WorkEfficiency

 

Whole work is always considered as 1, in terms of fraction and 100% , in terms of percentage.

In general, number of day's or hours = 100Efficiency

Q:

A can do a piece of work in 10 days, B in 15 days. They work together for 5 days, the rest of the work is finished by C in two more days. If they get Rs. 3000 as wages for the whole work, what are the daily wages of A, B and C respectively (in Rs):

A) 200, 250, 300 B) 300, 200, 250
C) 200, 300, 400 D) None of these
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 300, 200, 250

Explanation:

A's 5 days work = 50%  

B's 5 days work = 33.33% 

C's 2 days work = 16.66%     [100- (50+33.33)] 

Ratio of contribution of work of A, B and C = 50 : 3313 : 1623 = 3 : 2 : 1   

A's total share = Rs. 1500 

B's total share = Rs. 1000 

C's total share = Rs. 500  

 

A's one day's earning = Rs.300  

B's one day's earning = Rs.200  

C's one day's earning = Rs.250

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Q:

Relation Between Efficiency and Time

A is twice as good a workman as B and is therefore able to finish a piece of work in 30 days less than B.In how many days they can complee the whole work; working together?

Answer

Ratio of times taken by A and B = 1 : 2.


The time difference is (2 - 1) 1 day while B take 2 days and A takes 1 day.


If difference of time is 1 day, B takes 2 days.


If difference of time is 30 days, B takes 2 x 30 = 60 days.


So, A takes 30 days to do the work.


 


A's 1 day's work = 1/30


B's 1 day's work = 1/60


(A + B)'s 1 day's work = 1/30 + 1/60 = 1/20


A and B together can do the work in 20 days.

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Q:

A, B and C can do a piece of work in 24 days, 30 days and 40 days respectively. They began the work together but C left 4 days before the completion of the work. In how many days was the work completed?

A) 11 days B) 12 days
C) 13 days D) 14 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 11 days

Explanation:

One day's work of A, B and C = (1/24 + 1/30 + 1/40) = 1/10.

C leaves 4 days before completion of the work, which means only A and B work during the last 4 days.

Work done by A and B together in the last 4 days = 4 (1/24 + 1/30) = 3/10.

Remaining Work = 7/10, which was done by A,B and C in the initial number of days. 

Number of days required for this initial work = 7 days. 

Thus, the total numbers of days required = 4 + 7 = 11 days.

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128 41624
Q:

12 men can complete a work in 8 days. 16 women can complete the same work in 12 days. 8 men and 8 women started working  and worked for 6 days. How many more men are to be added to complete the remaining work in 1 day?

A) 8 B) 12
C) 16 D) 24
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 12

Explanation:

1 man's 1 day work =1/96 ; 1 woman's 1 day work = 1/192

Work done in 6 days=6896+8192=6×18 =34 

Remaining work = 1/4

(8 men +8 women)'s 1 day work = 1896+8192 =1/8

Remaining work =1/4 -  1/8 = 1/8

 

 1/96 work is done in 1 day by 1 man

 

Therefore, 1/8 work will be done in 1 day by 96 x (1/8) =12 men

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148 38819
Q:

P can complete a work in 12 days working 8 hours a day.Q can complete the same work in 8 days working 10 hours a day. If both p and Q work together,working 8 hours a day,in how many days can they complete the work?

A) 60/11 B) 61/11
C) 71/11 D) 72/11
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 60/11

Explanation:

P can complete the work in (12 x 8) hrs = 96 hrs 

Q can complete the work in (8 x 10) hrs=80 hrs 

Therefore, P's 1 hour work=1/96   and Q's 1 hour work= 1/80

(P+Q)'s 1 hour's work =(1/96) + (1/80) = 11/480. So both P and Q will finish the work in 480/11 hrs  

Therefore, Number of days of 8 hours each = (480/11) x (1/8) = 60/11

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Q:

A and  B can do  a piece of work in 30 days , while  B and C can do the same work in 24 days and C and A in 20 days . They all work together for 10 days when B and C leave. How many days more will A take to finish  the work?

A) 18 days B) 24 days
C) 30 days D) 36 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 18 days

Explanation:

2(A+B+C)'s 1 day work = 1/30 + 1/24 + 1/20 = 1/8

=>(A+B+C)'s  1 day's work= 1/16

work done by A,B and C in 10 days=10/16 = 5/8

Remaining work= 3/8

A's 1 day's work= 116-124=148

Now, 1/48 work is done by A in 1 day.

 So, 3/8 work  wil be done by A in =48 x (3/8) = 18 days

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57 20634
Q:

An air conditioner can cool the hall in 40 miutes while another takes 45 minutes to cool under similar conditions. If both air conditioners are switched on at same instance then how long will it take to cool the room approximately ?

A) 18 minutes B) 19 minutes
C) 22 minutes D) 24 minutes
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 22 minutes

Explanation:

Let the two conditioners be A and B

 

'A' cools at 40min

 

'B' at 45min

 

Together = (a x b)/(a + b)

= (45 x 40)/(45 + 40)

= 45 x 40/85

= 21.1764

= 22 min (approx).

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19 19566
Q:

A works twice as fast as B.If  B can complete a work in 18 days independently,the number of days  in which A and B can together finish the work is:

A) 4 days B) 6 days
C) 8 days D) 10 days
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 6 days

Explanation:

Ratio of rates of working of A and B =2:1. So, ratio of times taken =1:2

Therefore, A's 1 day's work=1/9 

B's 1 day's work=1/18 

(A+B)'s 1 day's work= 1/9 + 1/18 = 1/6

so, A and B together can finish the work in 6 days

 

 

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