Aptitude and Reasoning Questions

Q:

Fresh fruit contains 68% water and dry fruit contains 20% water. How much dry fruit can be obtained from 100 kg of fresh fruits ?

A) 20 B) 30
C) 40 D) 50
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 40

Explanation:

The fruit content in both the fresh fruit and dry fruit is the same.

 

Given, fresh fruit has 68% water.so remaining 32% is fruit content. weight of fresh fruits is 100kg

 

Dry fruit has 20% water.so remaining 80% is fruit content.let weight if dry fruit be y kg.

 

Fruit % in freshfruit = Fruit% in dryfruit 

 

Therefore, (32/100) x 100 = (80/100 ) x y 

 

we get, y = 40 kg.

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Q:

A shopkeeper cheats to the extent of 10% while buying and selling, by using false weights. His total gain is.

A) 20% B) 21%
C) 22% D) 23%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 21%

Explanation:

Gain % = 100+common gain %2100-100%           

 

           =100+102100-100

 

            = 21%

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444 84339
Q:

Salaries of Ravi and Sumit are in the ratio 2:3. If the salary of each is increased by Rs. 4000, the new ratio becomes 40:57. What is Sumit's salary?

A) 38000 B) 46800
C) 36700 D) 50000
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 38000

Explanation:

Let the original salaries of Ravi and Sumit be Rs. 2x and Rs. 3x respectively.
Then,
(2x+4000) / (3x+4000) = 40 / 57
⇒ 57 × (2x + 4000) = 40 × (3x+4000)
⇒ 6x = 68,000
⇒ 3x = 34,000
Sumit's present salary = (3x + 4000) = Rs.(34000 + 4000) = Rs. 38,000

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328 84195
Q:

A, B and C enter into a partnership and their shares are in the ratio 1/2 : 1/3 : 1/4. After 2 months, A withdraws half of his capital and after 10 months, a profit of Rs. 378 is divided among them. What is B's share ?

A) 144 B) 169
C) 225 D) 339
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 144

Explanation:

Ratio of initial investments = 1/2 : 1/3 : 1/4 = 6 : 4 : 3.

Let their initial investments be 6x, 2x and 3x respectively.

A : B : C = (6x * 2 + 3x * 10) : (4x * 12) : (3x * 12) = 42 : 48 : 36 = 7 : 8 : 6.

B's share =  Rs. (378 * 8/21) = Rs. 144.

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Q:

A man spends 35% of his income on food, 25% on children's education and 80% of the remaining on house rent. What percent of his income he is left with ?

A) 6 % B) 8 %
C) 10 % D) 12 %
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 8 %

Explanation:

Let the total income be x. 

Then, income left = (100 - 80)% of [100 -  (35 + 25)] % of x = 20% of 40% of x = [(20/100) * (40/100) * 100] % of x = 8 % of x.

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387 82660
Q:

Find the odd man out.

2, 5, 10, 17, 26, 37, 50, 64

A) 50 B) 37
C) 26 D) 64
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 64

Explanation:

(1*1)+1 , (2*2)+1 , (3*3)+1 , (4*4)+1 , (5*5)+1 , (6*6)+1 , (7*7)+1 , (8*8)+1

But, 64 is out of pattern.

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Q:

A bag contains 4 white, 5 red and 6 blue balls. Three balls are drawn at random from the bag. The probability that all of them are red, is:

A) 2/91 B) 1/22
C) 3/22 D) 2/77
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 2/91

Explanation:

Let S be the sample space.

Then, n(S) = number of ways of drawing 3 balls out of 15 = 15C3  =15*14*133*2*1= 455.  

Let E = event of getting all the 3 red balls.

 n(E) = 5C3 = 5*42*1 = 10.

 => P(E) = n(E)/n(S) = 10/455 = 2/91.

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136 81743
Q:

A can do a piece of work in 10 days, B in 15 days. They work together for 5 days, the rest of the work is finished by C in two more days. If they get Rs. 3000 as wages for the whole work, what are the daily wages of A, B and C respectively (in Rs):

A) 200, 250, 300 B) 300, 200, 250
C) 200, 300, 400 D) None of these
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 300, 200, 250

Explanation:

A's 5 days work = 50%  

B's 5 days work = 33.33% 

C's 2 days work = 16.66%     [100- (50+33.33)] 

Ratio of contribution of work of A, B and C = 50 : 3313 : 1623 = 3 : 2 : 1   

A's total share = Rs. 1500 

B's total share = Rs. 1000 

C's total share = Rs. 500  

 

A's one day's earning = Rs.300  

B's one day's earning = Rs.200  

C's one day's earning = Rs.250

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