Aptitude and Reasoning Questions

Q:

A shopkeeper cheats to the extent of 10% while buying and selling, by using false weights. His total gain is.

A) 20% B) 21%
C) 22% D) 23%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 21%

Explanation:

Gain % = 100+common gain %2100-100%           

 

           =100+102100-100

 

            = 21%

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513 94725
Q:

A bag contains 4 white, 5 red and 6 blue balls. Three balls are drawn at random from the bag. The probability that all of them are red, is:

A) 2/91 B) 1/22
C) 3/22 D) 2/77
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 2/91

Explanation:

Let S be the sample space.

Then, n(S) = number of ways of drawing 3 balls out of 15 = 15C3  =15*14*133*2*1= 455.  

Let E = event of getting all the 3 red balls.

 n(E) = 5C3 = 5*42*1 = 10.

 => P(E) = n(E)/n(S) = 10/455 = 2/91.

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155 93626
Q:

In a lottery, there are 10 prizes and 25 blanks. A lottery is drawn at random. What is the probability of getting a prize?

A) 2/7 B) 5/7
C) 1/5 D) 1/2
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 2/7

Explanation:

Total number of outcomes possible, n(S) = 10 + 25 = 35

 

Total number of prizes, n(E) = 10

 P(E)=n(E)n(S)=1035=27

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218 92716
Q:

A father said his son , " I was as old as you are at present at the time of your birth. " If the father age is 38 now, the son age 5 years back was :

A) 14 B) 19
C) 33 D) 38
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 14

Explanation:

Let the son's present age be x years .Then, (38 - x) = x => x= 19. 

 

Son's age 5 years back = (19 - 5) = 14 years

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461 92171
Q:

The value of a machine depreciates at the rate of 10% every year. It was purchased 3 years ago. If its present value is Rs. 8748, its purchase price was :

A) 10000 B) 12000
C) 14000 D) 16000
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 12000

Explanation:

Purchase price = Rs.87481-101003 = Rs. [8748 * (10/9) * (10/9 )* (10/9)] = Rs.12000

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625 91287
Q:

The last day of a century cannot be

A) Monday B) Wednesday
C) Tuesday D) Friday
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Tuesday

Explanation:

ke

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761 91187
Q:

Fresh fruit contains 68% water and dry fruit contains 20% water. How much dry fruit can be obtained from 100 kg of fresh fruits ?

A) 20 B) 30
C) 40 D) 50
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 40

Explanation:

The fruit content in both the fresh fruit and dry fruit is the same.

 

Given, fresh fruit has 68% water.so remaining 32% is fruit content. weight of fresh fruits is 100kg

 

Dry fruit has 20% water.so remaining 80% is fruit content.let weight if dry fruit be y kg.

 

Fruit % in freshfruit = Fruit% in dryfruit 

 

Therefore, (32/100) x 100 = (80/100 ) x y 

 

we get, y = 40 kg.

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1105 90028
Q:

Find the missing number in the series?

4, 18, ?, 100, 180, 294, 448

A) 48 B) 50
C) 58 D) 60
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 48

Explanation:

Take a Look at this series :

 

23 - 22 =  8 - 4 = 4  

33 - 32 = 27 - 9 = 18 

43 - 42 = 64 - 16 = 48  

53 - 52 = 125 - 25 = 100  

63 - 62 = 216 - 36 = 180 

73 - 72 = 343 - 49 = 294 

83 - 82 = 512 - 64 = 448

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1413 89469