# Aptitude and Reasoning Questions

• #### Verbal Reasoning - Mental Ability

Q:

Arrange the words given below in a meaningful sequence.

1.Presentation  2.Recommendation  3. Arrival  4.Discussion  5.Introduction

 A) 5, 3, 4, 1, 2 B) 3, 5, 4, 2, 1 C) 3, 5, 1, 4, 2 D) 5, 3, 1, 2, 4

Explanation:

The correct order is :

Arrival   Introduction   Presentation   Discussion  Recommendation

3                    5                        1                    4                       2

3601 432143
Q:

What was the day on 15th august 1947 ?

 A) Friday B) Saturday C) Sunday D) Thursday

Explanation:

15 Aug, 1947 = (1946 years + Period from 1.1.1947 to 15.8.1947)

Odd days in 1600 years = 0

Odd days in 300 years = 1

46 years = (35 ordinary years + 11 leap years) = (35 x 1 + 11 x 2)= 57 (8 weeks + 1 day) = 1 odd day

Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May.   Jun.   Jul.   Aug

( 31 + 28 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 15 ) = 227 days = (32 weeks + 3 days) = 3 odd days.

Total number of odd days = (0 + 1 + 1 + 3) = 5 odd days.

Hence, as the number of odd days = 5 , given day is Friday.

3929 403503
Q:

A and B invest in a business in the ratio 3 : 2. If 5% of the total profit goes to charity and A's share is Rs. 855, the total profit is :

 A) 500 B) 1000 C) 1500 D) 2000

Explanation:

Let the total profit be Rs. 100.

After paying to charity, A's share  = (95*3/5) = Rs. 57.

If A's share is Rs. 57, total profit = Rs. 100.

If A's share is Rs. 855, total profit  = (100/57*855) = 1500.

684 319313
Q:

In an election between two candidates, one got 55% of the total valid votes, 20% of the votes were invalid. If the total number of votes was 7500, the number of valid votes that the other candidate got, was :

 A) 2500 B) 2700 C) 2900 D) 3100

Explanation:

Total number of votes = 7500

Given that 20% of Percentage votes were invalid

1st candidate got 55% of the total valid votes.

Hence the 2nd candidate should have got 45% of the total valid votes

=> Valid votes that 2nd candidate got = total valid votes x (45/100)

7500*(80/100)*(45/100) = 2700

2616 310607
Q:

Today is Monday. After 61 days, it will be :

 A) Tuesday B) Monday C) Sunday D) Saturday

Explanation:

Each day of the week is repeated after 7 days. So, after 63 days, it will be Monday.

After 61 days, it will be Saturday.

2586 303827
Q:

A bag contains 50 P, 25 P and 10 P coins in the ratio 5: 9: 4, amounting to Rs. 206. Find the number of coins of each type respectively.

 A) 360, 160, 200 B) 160, 360, 200 C) 200, 360,160 D) 200,160,300

Explanation:

let ratio be x.

Hence no. of coins be 5x ,9x , 4x respectively

Now given total amount = Rs.206

=> (.50)(5x) + (.25)(9x) + (.10)(4x) = 206

we get x = 40

=> No. of 50p coins = 200

=> No. of 25p coins = 360

=> No. of 10p coins = 160

1875 233900
Q:

Two numbers are respectively 20% and 50% more than a third number. The ratio of the two numbers is:

 A) 2:5 B) 3:5 C) 4:5 D) 5:4

Explanation:

Let the third number be x.

Then, first number = 120% of x =120x/100 = 6x/5

Second number =150% of x = 150x/100 = 3x/2

Ratio of first two numbers = 6x/5 : 3x/2 = 12x : 15x = 4 : 5

631 226411
Q:

A problem is given to three students whose chances of solving it are 1/2, 1/3 and 1/4 respectively. What is the probability that the problem will be solved?

 A) 1/4 B) 1/2 C) 3/4 D) 7/12

Explanation:

Let A, B, C be the respective events of solving the problem and  be the respective events of not solving the problem. Then A, B, C are independent event

are independent events

Now,  P(A) = 1/2 , P(B) = 1/3 and P(C)=1/4

$∴$ P( none  solves the problem) = P(not A) and (not B) and (not C)

= $PA∩B∩C$

= $PAPBPC$

=  $12×23×34$

= $14$

Hence, P(the problem will be solved) = 1 - P(none solves the problem)

= $1-14$= 3/4