Aptitude and Reasoning Questions

• Verbal Reasoning - Mental Ability

Q:

How many pairs of letters are there in the word " CASTRAPHONE" which have as many letters between them in the word as in the alphabet?

 A) 3 B) 4 C) 5 D) 6

Explanation:

Looking into the alphabets there are six such pairs namely ON, HONE, ST, TRAPHO, TRAPHON, RAP.

1. ON  - NO

2. HONE - EFGH

3. ST - ST

4. TRAPHO - OPQRST

5. TRAPHON - NOPQRST

6. RAP - PQR

2080 136194
Q:

If each side of a square is increased by 25%, find the percentage change in its area?

 A) 65.25 B) 56.25 C) 65 D) 56

Explanation:

let each side of the square be a , then area = $a2$

As given that The side is increased by 25%, then

New side = 125a/100 = 5a/4

New area = $5a42$

Increased area= $25a216-a2$

Increase %=$9a2/16a2*100$  % = 56.25%

878 130510
Q:

A is B's sister. C is B's mother. D is C's father. E is D's mother. Then, how is A related to D?

 A) Grandfather B) Grandmother C) Daughter D) Granddaughter

Explanation:

A is the sister of B and B is the daughter of C.

So, A is the daughter of C. Also, D is the father of C.

So, A is the granddaughter of D.

3372 126338
Q:

A student multiplied a number by 3/5 instead of 5/3, What is the percentage error in the calculation ?

 A) 54 % B) 64 % C) 74 % D) 84 %

Explanation:

Let the number be x.

Then, ideally he should have multiplied by  x by 5/3. Hence Correct result was x * (5/3)= 5x/3.

By mistake he multiplied x by 3/5 . Hence the result with error  = 3x/5

Then, error = (5x/3 - 3x/5) = 16x/15

Error %  = (error/True vaue) * 100 = [(16/15) * x/(5/3) * x] * 100 = 64 %

623 125673
Q:

In a certain code language COMPUTER is written as RFUVQNPC. How will MEDICINE be written in that code language?

 A) MFEDJJOE B) EOJDEJFM C) MFEJDJOE D) EOJDJEFM

Explanation:

- There are 8 letters in the word.

- The coded word can be obtained by taking the immediately following letters of word, expect the first and the last letters of the given word but in the reverse order. That means, in the coded form the first and the last letters have been interchanged while the remaining letters are coded by taking their immediate next letters in the reverse order.

1771 124469
Q:

If 20% of a = b, then b% of 20 is the same as :

 A) 4% of a B) 6% of a C) 8% of a D) 10% of a

Explanation:

20% of a = b

=> (20/100) * a = b

b% of 20 =(b/100) x 20 = [(20a/100)  / 100] x 20= 4a/100 = 4% of a.

1105 122651
Q:

A bag contains 6 white and 4 black balls .2 balls are drawn at random. Find the probability that they are of same colour.

 A) 1/2 B) 7/15 C) 8/15 D) 1/9

Explanation:

Let S be the sample space

Then n(S) = no of ways of drawing 2 balls out of (6+4) =$10C2$ 10 =$10*92*1$ =45

Let E = event of getting both balls of same colour

Then,n(E) = no of ways (2 balls out of six) or (2 balls out of 4)

=$6C2+4C2$ = $6*52*1+4*32*1$= 15+6 = 21

Therefore, P(E) = n(E)/n(S) = 21/45 = 7/15

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Q:

A clock is set right at 8 a.m. The clock gains 10 minutes in 24 hours will be the true time when the clock indicates 1 p.m. on the following day?

 A) 48 min. past 12. B) 46 min. past 12. C) 45 min. past 12. D) 47 min. past 12.

Explanation:

Time from 8 a.m. on a day to 1 p.m. on the following day = 29 hours.

24 hours 10 min. of this clock = 24 hours of the correct clock.

$1456$ hrs of this clock = 24 hours of the correct clock.

29 hours of this clock = $24*6145*29$ hrs of the correct clock

= 28 hrs 48 min of the correct clock.

Therefore, the correct time is 28 hrs 48 min. after 8 a.m.

This is 48 min. past 12.