# Aptitude and Reasoning Questions

• #### Verbal Reasoning - Mental Ability

Q:

In a certain code language COMPUTER is written as RFUVQNPC. How will MEDICINE be written in that code language?

 A) MFEDJJOE B) EOJDEJFM C) MFEJDJOE D) EOJDJEFM

Explanation:

- There are 8 letters in the word.

- The coded word can be obtained by taking the immediately following letters of word, expect the first and the last letters of the given word but in the reverse order. That means, in the coded form the first and the last letters have been interchanged while the remaining letters are coded by taking their immediate next letters in the reverse order.

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Q:

How many pairs of letters are there in the word " CASTRAPHONE" which have as many letters between them in the word as in the alphabet?

 A) 3 B) 4 C) 5 D) 6

Explanation:

Looking into the alphabets there are six such pairs namely ON, HONE, ST, TRAPHO, TRAPHON, RAP.

1. ON  - NO

2. HONE - EFGH

3. ST - ST

4. TRAPHO - OPQRST

5. TRAPHON - NOPQRST

6. RAP - PQR

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Q:

A is B's sister. C is B's mother. D is C's father. E is D's mother. Then, how is A related to D?

 A) Grandfather B) Grandmother C) Daughter D) Granddaughter

Explanation:

A is the sister of B and B is the daughter of C.

So, A is the daughter of C. Also, D is the father of C.

So, A is the granddaughter of D.

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Q:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z .

Which letter in this alphabet is the eighth letter to the right of the letter and  which is tenth letter to the left of the last but one letter of the alphabet?

 A) X B) W C) I D) H

Explanation:

In the given alphabet, last but one letter of alphabet is Y.

10th letter to the left of Y is O

8th letter to the right of O is W

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Q:

A student multiplied a number by 3/5 instead of 5/3, What is the percentage error in the calculation ?

 A) 54 % B) 64 % C) 74 % D) 84 %

Explanation:

Let the number be x.

Then, ideally he should have multiplied by  x by 5/3. Hence Correct result was x * (5/3)= 5x/3.

By mistake he multiplied x by 3/5 . Hence the result with error  = 3x/5

Then, error = (5x/3 - 3x/5) = 16x/15

Error %  = (error/True vaue) * 100 = [(16/15) * x/(5/3) * x] * 100 = 64 %

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Q:

Tickets numbered 1 to 20 are mixed up and then a ticket is drawn at random. What is the probability that the ticket drawn has a number which is a multiple of 3 or 5?

 A) 1/2 B) 3/5 C) 9/20 D) 8/15

Explanation:

Here, S = {1, 2, 3, 4, ...., 19, 20}.

Let E = event of getting a multiple of 3 or 5 = {3, 6 , 9, 12, 15, 18, 5, 10, 20}.

P(E) = n(E)/n(S) = 9/20.

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Q:

A grocer has a sale of Rs 6435, Rs. 6927, Rs. 6855, Rs. 7230 and Rs. 6562 for 5 consecutive months. How much sale must he have in the sixth month so that he gets an average sale of Rs, 6500 ?

 A) 4991 B) 5467 C) 5987 D) 6453

Explanation:

Total sale for 5 months = Rs. (6435 + 6927 + 6855 + 7230 + 6562) = Rs. 34009.

Required sale = Rs.[(6500 x 6) - 34009]

= Rs. (39000 - 34009)

= Rs.  4991.

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Q:

If selling price is doubled, the profit triples. Find the profit percent ?

 A) 100% B) 200% C) 300% D) 400%

Explanation:

Let the C.P be Rs.100 and S.P be Rs.x, Then
The profit is (x-100)
Now the S.P is doubled, then the new S.P is 2x
New profit is (2x-100)
Now as per the given condition;
=> 3(x-100) = 2x-100
By solving, we get
x = 200
Then the Profit percent = (200-100)/100 = 100
Hence the profit percentage is 100%