# Aptitude and Reasoning Questions

A) 65.25 | B) 56.25 |

C) 65 | D) 56 |

Explanation:

let each side of the square be a , then area = ${a}^{2}$

As given that The side is increased by 25%, then

New side = 125a/100 = 5a/4

New area = ${\left(\frac{5a}{4}\right)}^{2}$

Increased area= $\frac{25{a}^{2}}{16}-{a}^{2}$

Increase %=$\frac{\left[9{a}^{2}/16\right]}{{a}^{2}}*100$ % = 56.25%

A) 2:5 | B) 3:5 |

C) 4:5 | D) 5:4 |

Explanation:

Let the third number be x.

Then, first number = 120% of x =120x/100 = 6x/5

Second number =150% of x = 150x/100 = 3x/2

Ratio of first two numbers = 6x/5 : 3x/2 = 12x : 15x = 4 : 5

A) Grandfather | B) Grandmother |

C) Daughter | D) Granddaughter |

Explanation:

A is the sister of B and B is the daughter of C.

So, A is the daughter of C. Also, D is the father of C.

So, A is the granddaughter of D.

A) 1/2 | B) 7/15 |

C) 8/15 | D) 1/9 |

Explanation:

Let S be the sample space

Then n(S) = no of ways of drawing 2 balls out of (6+4) =$10{C}_{2}$ 10 =$\frac{10*9}{2*1}$ =45

Let E = event of getting both balls of same colour

Then,n(E) = no of ways (2 balls out of six) or (2 balls out of 4)

=$6{C}_{2}+4{C}_{2}$ = $\frac{6*5}{2*1}+\frac{4*3}{2*1}$= 15+6 = 21

Therefore, P(E) = n(E)/n(S) = 21/45 = 7/15

A) 4% of a | B) 6% of a |

C) 8% of a | D) 10% of a |

Explanation:

20% of a = b

=> (20/100) * a = b

b% of 20 =(b/100) x 20 = [(20a/100) / 100] x 20= 4a/100 = 4% of a.

A) 54 % | B) 64 % |

C) 74 % | D) 84 % |

Explanation:

Let the number be x.

Then, ideally he should have multiplied by x by 5/3. Hence Correct result was x * (5/3)= 5x/3.

By mistake he multiplied x by 3/5 . Hence the result with error = 3x/5

Then, error = (5x/3 - 3x/5) = 16x/15

Error % = (error/True vaue) * 100 = [(16/15) * x/(5/3) * x] * 100 = 64 %

A) MFEDJJOE | B) EOJDEJFM |

C) MFEJDJOE | D) EOJDJEFM |

Explanation:

- There are 8 letters in the word.

- The coded word can be obtained by taking the immediately following letters of word, expect the first and the last letters of the given word but in the reverse order. That means, in the coded form the first and the last letters have been interchanged while the remaining letters are coded by taking their immediate next letters in the reverse order.

A) No profit, no loss | B) 5% |

C) 8% | D) 10% |

Explanation:

C.P. of 56 kg rice = Rs. (26 x 20 + 30 x 36) = Rs. (520 + 1080) = Rs. 1600.

S.P. of 56 kg rice = Rs. (56 x 30) = Rs. 1680.

Gain =(80/1600*100) % = 5%