Aptitude and Reasoning Questions

Q:

A can do a piece of work in 10 days, B in 15 days. They work together for 5 days, the rest of the work is finished by C in two more days. If they get Rs. 3000 as wages for the whole work, what are the daily wages of A, B and C respectively (in Rs):

A) 200, 250, 300 B) 300, 200, 250
C) 200, 300, 400 D) None of these
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 300, 200, 250

Explanation:

A's 5 days work = 50%  

B's 5 days work = 33.33% 

C's 2 days work = 16.66%     [100- (50+33.33)] 

Ratio of contribution of work of A, B and C = 50 : 3313 : 1623 = 3 : 2 : 1   

A's total share = Rs. 1500 

B's total share = Rs. 1000 

C's total share = Rs. 500  

 

A's one day's earning = Rs.300  

B's one day's earning = Rs.200  

C's one day's earning = Rs.250

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236 53761
Q:

A student multiplied a number by 3/5 instead of 5/3, What is the percentage error in the calculation ?

A) 54 % B) 64 %
C) 74 % D) 84 %
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 64 %

Explanation:

Let the number be x.

Then, ideally he should have multiplied by  x by 5/3. Hence Correct result was x * (5/3)= 5x/3. 

 

By mistake he multiplied x by 3/5 . Hence the result with error  = 3x/5 

Then, error = (5x/3 - 3x/5) = 16x/15 

Error %  = (error/True vaue) * 100 = [(16/15) * x/(5/3) * x] * 100 = 64 %

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203 53248
Q:

A clock is set right at 8 a.m. The clock gains 10 minutes in 24 hours will be the true time when the clock indicates 1 p.m. on the following day?

A) 48 min. past 12. B) 46 min. past 12.
C) 45 min. past 12. D) 47 min. past 12.
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 48 min. past 12.

Explanation:

Time from 8 a.m. on a day to 1 p.m. on the following day = 29 hours. 

24 hours 10 min. of this clock = 24 hours of the correct clock. 

1456 hrs of this clock = 24 hours of the correct clock. 

29 hours of this clock = 24*6145*29 hrs of the correct clock 

= 28 hrs 48 min of the correct clock. 

Therefore, the correct time is 28 hrs 48 min. after 8 a.m. 

This is 48 min. past 12.

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270 52758
Q:

The last day of a century cannot be

A) Monday B) Wednesday
C) Tuesday D) Friday
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) Tuesday

Explanation:

ke

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Q:

Two cards are drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards.what is the probability that either both are black or both are queen?

A) 52/221 B) 55/190
C) 55/221 D) 19/221
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: C) 55/221

Explanation:

We have n(s) =52C2 52 = 52*51/2*1= 1326. 

Let A = event of getting both black cards 

     B = event of getting both queens 

A∩B = event of getting queen of black cards 

n(A) = 52*512*1 = 26C2 = 325, n(B)= 26*252*1= 4*3/2*1= 6  and  n(A∩B) = 4C2 = 1 

P(A) = n(A)/n(S) = 325/1326;

P(B) = n(B)/n(S) = 6/1326 and 

P(A∩B) = n(A∩B)/n(S) = 1/1326 

P(A∪B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A∩B) = (325+6-1) / 1326 = 330/1326 = 55/221

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156 51444
Q:

What was the day of the week on, 16th July, 1776?

A) Tuesday B) Wednesday
C) Monday D) Saturday
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) Tuesday

Explanation:

16th July, 1776 = (1775 years + Period from 1st Jan, 1776 to 16th July, 1776)

Counting of odd days :

1600 years have 0 odd day.

100 years have 5 odd days.

75 years = (18 leap years + 57 ordinary years) =  [(18 x 2) + (57 x 1)] = 93 (13 weeks + 2 days) = 2 odd days


1775 years have (0 + 5 + 2) odd days = 7 odd days = 0 odd day. 

 

Jan   Feb   Mar   Apr   May   Jun   Jul  

31 + 29 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30 + 16 = 198 days= (28 weeks + 2 days) 

 

Total number of odd days = (0 + 2) = 2.  

Required day was 'Tuesday'.

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218 50765
Q:

A trader mixes 26 kg of rice at Rs. 20 per kg with 30 kg of rice of other variety at Rs. 36 per kg and sells the mixture at Rs. 30 per kg. His profit percent is:

A) No profit, no loss B) 5%
C) 8% D) 10%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 5%

Explanation:

C.P. of 56 kg rice = Rs. (26 x 20 + 30 x 36) = Rs. (520 + 1080) = Rs. 1600.

 

S.P. of 56 kg rice = Rs. (56 x 30) = Rs. 1680.

 

Gain =(80/1600*100) % = 5%

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348 50620
Q:

A batsman makes a score of 87 runs in the 17th inning and thus increases his average by 3. Find his average after 17th inning?

Answer

Let the average after 7th inning = x


 


Then average after 16th inning = x - 3


 


16(x-3)+87 = 17x


 


 x = 87 - 48 = 39

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309 50131