Aptitude and Reasoning Questions

Q:

A trader mixes 26 kg of rice at Rs. 20 per kg with 30 kg of rice of other variety at Rs. 36 per kg and sells the mixture at Rs. 30 per kg. His profit percent is:

A) No profit, no loss B) 5%
C) 8% D) 10%
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 5%

Explanation:

C.P. of 56 kg rice = Rs. (26 x 20 + 30 x 36) = Rs. (520 + 1080) = Rs. 1600.

 

S.P. of 56 kg rice = Rs. (56 x 30) = Rs. 1680.

 

Gain =(80/1600*100) % = 5%

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1032 138982
Q:

Find the missing number in the series?

4, 18, ?, 100, 180, 294, 448

A) 48 B) 50
C) 58 D) 60
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 48

Explanation:

Take a Look at this series :

 

23 - 22 =  8 - 4 = 4  

33 - 32 = 27 - 9 = 18 

43 - 42 = 64 - 16 = 48  

53 - 52 = 125 - 25 = 100  

63 - 62 = 216 - 36 = 180 

73 - 72 = 343 - 49 = 294 

83 - 82 = 512 - 64 = 448

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1987 131962
Q:

A bag contains 6 white and 4 black balls .2 balls are drawn at random. Find the probability that they are of same colour.

A) 1/2 B) 7/15
C) 8/15 D) 1/9
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: B) 7/15

Explanation:

Let S be the sample space

 

Then n(S) = no of ways of drawing 2 balls out of (6+4) =10C2 10 =10*92*1 =45

 

Let E = event of getting both balls of same colour

 

Then,n(E) = no of ways (2 balls out of six) or (2 balls out of 4)

 

                =6C2+4C2 = 6*52*1+4*32*1= 15+6 = 21

 

Therefore, P(E) = n(E)/n(S) = 21/45 = 7/15

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731 131836
Q:

Find the odd man out.

41, 43, 47, 53, 61, 71, 73, 81

A) 41 B) 61
C) 71 D) 81
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: D) 81

Explanation:

Each of the numbers except 81 is a prime number.

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156 130426
Q:

Three number are in the ratio of 3 : 4 : 5 and their L.C.M. is 2400. Their H.C.F. is:

A) 40 B) 80
C) 120 D) 200
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 40

Explanation:

Let the numbers be 3x, 4x and 5x.

 

Then, their L.C.M. = 60x.

 

So, 60x = 2400 or x = 40.

 

 The numbers are (3 x 40), (4 x 40) and (5 x 40).

 

Hence, required H.C.F. = 40.

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449 126581
Q:

A father said his son , " I was as old as you are at present at the time of your birth. " If the father age is 38 now, the son age 5 years back was :

A) 14 B) 19
C) 33 D) 38
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 14

Explanation:

Let the son's present age be x years .Then, (38 - x) = x => x= 19. 

 

Son's age 5 years back = (19 - 5) = 14 years

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549 124318
Q:

The average of runs of a cricket player of 10 innings was 32. How many runs must he make in his next innings so as to increase his average of runs by 4 ?

A) 76 B) 79
C) 85 D) 87
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 76

Explanation:

Average = total runs / no.of innings = 32 

So, total = Average x no.of innings = 32 x 10 = 320.

 

Now increase in avg = 4runs. So, new avg = 32+4 = 36runs 

Total runs = new avg x new no. of innings = 36 x 11 = 396 

Runs made in the 11th inning = 396 - 320 = 76

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417 121997
Q:

Salaries of Ravi and Sumit are in the ratio 2:3. If the salary of each is increased by Rs. 4000, the new ratio becomes 40:57. What is Sumit's salary?

A) 38000 B) 46800
C) 36700 D) 50000
 
Answer & Explanation Answer: A) 38000

Explanation:

Let the original salaries of Ravi and Sumit be Rs. 2x and Rs. 3x respectively.
Then,
(2x+4000) / (3x+4000) = 40 / 57
⇒ 57 × (2x + 4000) = 40 × (3x+4000)
⇒ 6x = 68,000
⇒ 3x = 34,000
Sumit's present salary = (3x + 4000) = Rs.(34000 + 4000) = Rs. 38,000

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443 120475